Web 2.0 and the actualization of the ideals of adult education
The aging of the Russian population and the rapid shrinking of its labor force in coming decades will make the human capital each worker contributes increasingly vital for sustaining economic output and growth. While improvements in general education are necessary to build the foundation for a productive future labor force, a broad-based and effective system of adult education can provide second-chance opportunities for current workers to enhance their productivity and lengthen their working lives and for low-skilled immigrants to be integrated into the workforce. How well the Russian Federation addresses these multiple needs at and beyond the workplace will depend on how effective its adult education system is. This study targeting policymakers outlines the problems of Russia's growing skills gap, especially the shortage of higher-order cognitive and socio-emotional skills, and examines the current state of adult education.
Development of the human capital of modern adult population in many respects identified by the level of attained education. Educational projects of OECD, and in particular the PIAAC (The Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies), shows considerable influence of achievements in core competencies on follow-up professional activity, including specialists of working professions, that have gained primary secondary vocational education degree.
The author’s views on the essence of educational objectives and outcomes, on their interrelation in the area of general education, on specifics of pedagogical goal-setting, on the structure of the hierarchical system of educational objectives have been forming throughout almost 60 years of professional educational work. He represents common objectives of school education as a three-level system: development of the ability to choose some lifestyle that is appropriate to the current society development trends; shaping the experience of solving cognitive, communicative and other problems relevant to students without assistance; learning of work methods that are applicable to school practice and beyond it.
The article is devoted to the identification of key factors that influence the educational activity of working citizens and the establishment of the role of adults educational programs and vocational education and trainings (AE&VET) in the macroeconomic development of regions and territories. Based on the analysis of the statistical data there was established a correlation between the supplementary education attainment rate and the volume of fixed capital investment per capita in the regions of the Russian Federation, which indicates the leading role of regional investors in the education and training of personnel. In the regions, where the volume of investments is growing, the coverage of the population with the continuous education is also increasing, aiming at the implementation of new technologies at the enterprises being built, which, in its turn, boosts the investment appeal of the territory. The authors formulated and confirmed the hypothesis that due to the launch of the educational programs via investments the labor productivity increases, which, in turn, together with the high correlation coefficients, has a positive impact on the growth rates of wages and gross regional product as a whole. Thus, it was concluded that the differentiation of subjects of the Russian Federation on socio-economic indicators is directly related to the general indicators of the regional AE&VET systems. It was noted that for the effective development of AE&VET at the current stage in Russia, it is necessary to incentive an active participation of all the stakeholders: the worker himself, the employers, the investors, the regional authorities and the government. Considering the lack of the employers’ willingness to finance the workers’ education and training, the authors justify the need to introduce state programs stimulating additional education, including budget certificates. The main provisions and conclusions of the article can be used for the development of the regional AE&VET-systems in the interests of ensuring the economic growth as well as the investment appeal of the territory.
In this article, we outline how changes in our information ecosystem are creating new opportunities to support human resource development in advanced and developing economies.
The emergence of so-called “free” or “open source” software and the growth of its economic importance in various industries makes questions regarding the legal status of free/open source licenses especially important. In December 2010 new draft amendments to the Russia’s Civil Code were published, introducing new concepts in order to reflect the ideas pursued by these types of licenses. This article analyzes existing problems with the legal status of free/open source licenses, whether proposed amendments may solve them, and what risks they may create. Since Russia is among the first countries trying to include provisions on free/open source licenses in its legislation, such analysis may be of interest to foreign lawmakers since the concept of open source is universal all over the world.