О преодолении рисков социальной исключенности детей-сирот и детей, оставшихся без попечения родителей, в современной России
This article overviews various approaches to the work with children placed out of parental care in the countries of Northern, Western and Southern Europe. Authors study carefully three main issues. Firstly, we review mechanisms of dealing with biological families in crisis situations. Secondly, we consider order of placing children out of biological families into foster care. Finally, we examine practices of reuniting families if they are supported. Cross-country comparisons show that no universal solutions can be found in this sphere. Within every region a conceptually unified system of work with children and families has different priorities on each level. Nevertheless some foster care practices of the developed countries can be adopted in Russian framework
The article substantiates the feasibility of assessing the effectiveness of measures for the prevention and overcoming of social orphanhood and the method of estimating the efficiency of the proposed indicators. Analyzes the logic of writing programs for the prevention and overcoming of social orphanhood.
Materials of the interregional scientific practical conference races offers modern challenges in the field of support of children-orphans and children left without parental care. The book presents the experience resistance's driving this category of children and persons from among the Belgorod, Vladimir Mirsky, Vologda, Kaluga, Kostroma, Ryazan, Sakhalin, Smolen tion, Tomsk, Tula, Ulyanovsk, Yaroslavl regions and the city Moscow. The authors of the articles analyze the different aspects of the organization of prevention is key, and the overcoming of social orphanhood: implementation of the system approach, the main directions of activities, assessment of the efficacy of measures, the development of legislation and other issues of returns foster children from foster families, institutions for children-orphans and children left without parental care, in support of the pupils. Special attention is paid postinternational support graduates. The edition is addressed to top managers and specialists of the bodies and institutions involved in the process of support of orphans, authorized on the rights of the child in subjects of the Russian Federation, scientists, experts and practitioners in the field of social orphanhood and other stakeholders.