Раздел 3. Финансовые рынки и финансовые институты
The study of the Russian securities market, its segments and paticipants in 2012.
The paper studies the patterns in the development of the Russian financial market after the crisis of 2008. It’s shown that along with positive phenomena, such as the creation of a modern financial market infrastructure and financial stabilization in 2015-2016, there are tendencies of deterioration of quantitative characteristics of the domestic stock market, it’s lagging behind external competitors, and a decline in the role of this market in the economy. As the key reasons restraining the growth of the financial market, the study addresses the problems of the scarcity of attractive instruments of domestic savings, excessive administrative burden on the business, restrictions on internal competition, the lack of a strategy for developing the financial market, linked to the priorities of economic policy.
Seasonality and cyclicity - are two influential factors that affect dynamics of macroeconomic indicators both during the year and longer periods of time. In this article are discussed methodological questions that arise during seasonal decomposition of the GDP by factors for the year when balance aggregate and factors ratio is constant. Economic cycles mechanisms origin and their identification questions based on the combination of classical methods of spectral analysis and historic approach. Presented is the fact that along with more regular cycles such as investment and Kondratiev wave, influence of shocks (such as «oil prices crises») appear so called causal cycles that lead to a serious change in technological base of production. Particular importance (emphasis is placed on ) a new technological wave which is expected to strike the world in 2020 th and those goal set before the Russia. This research is done on the basis of world and Russian (national) statistics.
The review provides a detailed analysis of main trends in Russia's economy in 2013. The paper contains 6 big sections that highlight single aspects of Russia's economic development: the socio-political context; the monetary and credit spheres; financial sphere; the real sector; social sphere; institutional challenges. The paper employs a huge mass of statistical data that forms the basis of original computation and numerous charts.
The study of behavior of the Russian securities market, its segments and partiсipants in 2011.
Strong distinction between contractual claims and claims arising out of bilateral investment treaties (BIT) exists in modern investment disputes resolution. This distinction has a practical importance when the competence of international tribunal to decide the claim is in question, because investment contract and BIT contain different dispute resolution provisions. The common mechanism of dealing with this conflict is introduction of umbrella clause in the particular BIT. Umbrella clause is the clause lifting the breach of contract between investor and host state to the level of breach of BIT between this state and investor’s home country. The role of umbrella clauses in international investment law and the issue of competence conflicts arising of them are analyzed in this article.
The review provides a detailed analysis of main trends in Russia's economy in 2008. The paper contains five big sections that highlight single aspects of Russia's economic development: the socio-political context; the monetary and credit and financial spheres; the real sector; social sphere; institutional challenges. The paper employs a huge mass of statistical data that forms the basis of original computation and numerous charts.