Russia: Entrepreneurship and Sustainability.
The chapter deals with the ambiguities of informal entrepreneurial activity and its specific contextual framing under transition in Russia as an example of a fragile mid-income economy. It stresses the transition-specific reasons of its sustainability, contrary to the most current literature explaining it as a the Soviet heritage etc. (the 'path dependence' argument). The author uses the results of the two first waves of the own longitudinal survey of 13 Muscovite entrepreneurs and start-ups (2013-2014). The paper contains some policy recommendations.
The article shows that the business world is Russia at the turn of XIX - XX centuries. had two centers of gravity: if cost (especially in heavy industry and in the banking sector) dominated the Petersburg, in the cultural and socio-political attitude of the province gravitated more to Moscow. While the leaders of big business in Moscow was made by the spokesmen of the interests of the majority of the Russian business of the Corporation.
In this article, on the example of the Vladimir region, the perspective of the development of women's entrepreneurship as a separate gender niche in the development of the segment of small and medium-sized businesses in the Russian Federation is considered. Despite the fact that the mass consciousness and the power elites underestimate the possibility of women's self-realization in business, there are clear examples that illustrate the positive impact of women entrepreneurs on society. Rethinking the existing stereotypes is a necessary condition for building support mechanisms for small and medium-sized businesses. The initial stage of the introduction of mechanisms to support women's entrepreneurship in the Vladimir region has already become an indicator of the high level of prospects for this direction, associated with the involvement of not only businesswomen, but also public and financial organizations, potential investors and government agencies.