Анализ пилотных инновационных территориальных кластеров в России: в поисках направлений дальнейшего развития
The article deals with regional diagnostics as a method for studying the socio-economic space of Russia, the quality of the economic space and its regional differences, methods and tools for the sustainable development of regions.
The study of the problems of spatial development and management of the territories of economic development of the Russian North and the Arctic finds relevance within the implementation of the tasks outlined in the Strategy of spatial development of the Russian Federation and the State program of socio-economic development of the Arctic zone for the foreseeable future. Providing the sustainable development and spatial connectivity of the Arctic regions is necessary for the development and practical application of effective organizational and economic solutions.
The paper analyzes the state policy in the field of socio-economic development of the Arctic regions of Russia, assesses the role of the Northern sea route as an important driver of development of the Arctic regions. Based on the analysis, key conclusions are drawn about the factors such as low population density, low level of infrastructure development, significant distance from the main industrial bases of the country, unfavorable climate for living and economic activity etc which affect and increase the risks of economic activity on spatial development of the Arctic regions.
In these conditions, the priorities of the Strategy of spatial development of the Arctic zone of Russia should be the modernization of its entire transport and logistics system. The most effective forms of spatial organization of the economy and its governance may be territorial clusters, as well as territories
of advanced socio-economic development. They could help in ensuring the implementation of an integrated approach to the development of the Arctic territories and contributing to the diversification of the Arctic region’s economy, attracting investment and thereby improving the quality of life of the population.
The practical significance of the conclusions lies in the possibility of their use in updating strategies and programs for the development of the regions of the Russian North and the Arctic in order to form an effective mechanism of governance for coordinating economic activities and providing an integrated approach to the development of these territories.
Questions of differentiation of the population on a level of incomes in Republic Mary El are considered. Parameters of a variation and structure of the basic monetary incomes are analyses. Classification of administrative areas on the parameters describing incomes of the population is lead. The analysis of territorial distinctions of the population on levels of incomes is given. For more in-depth study of interrelation of the parameters describing differentiation of incomes of the population of Republic, on everyone allocated cluster are constructed regression models of a degree of influence of the parameters reflecting age structure of the population on a level of monthly average wages, pensions and social payments.