The paper analyses current development trends of highly qualified and research and teaching personnel in the Russian economy, defines the problems that have been accumulated since the post-crisis period and the opportunities to solve them as regarding the measures taken by the Government to encourage the personnel reproduction. It evaluates some emerging positive developments concerning the support mechanisms applied to secure quality training of the highly qualified personnel, including within the research and educational structures of higher education establishments and research organisations. At the same time the development of human resources in research and education sectors needs to be backed by new mechanisms to support the reproduction of research and teaching personnel in order to achieve the objectives set in the public policy in this domain. The Russian economy requires a certain level of methodological and predictive analysis framework to estimate the needs for highly qualified personnel that should be responsive to the excepted outcomes and enable the mobility to respond to the external changes as well as to the in-house changes of research and educational establishments.
In the article the classification of indicators of efficiency of scientific activity, and also the list of criteria which they should satisfy are suggested. The indicator of productivity of scientific activity used in Russia (IPSA) is analyzed and its limitation for measurement of the results of scientific activity is proved. New IPSA, the technique of their calculation and the way of calculation of the wages of the faculty on the basis of these indicators are worked out.
scientific activity, a productivity indicator, a citing index, the impact factor