Перенос столицы и англо-саксонская политическая культура
The issue of capital city relocation is a topic of debate for more than forty countries around the world. In this first book to discuss the issue, Vadim Rossman offers an in-depth analysis of the subject, highlighting the global trends and the key factors that motivate different countries to consider such projects, analyzing the outcomes and drawing lessons from recent capital city transfers worldwide for governments and policy-makers.
Over the last twenty years Russia has experienced significant fluctuations in sentiments regarding the prospects and urgency of relocating the Russian capital city. In this article, Vadim Rossman examines the public debates on this topic, which have involved important Russian politicians, intellectuals, and members of various expert communities. In these debates, one can recognize several distinct new visions of society that emerged in the post-Soviet period. This article provides an overview and a critique of these debates and suggests that they should be viewed in the context of nation building, the slow emergence of the nation that was historically suppressed under the weight of the imperial ambitions of Russian statehood. In the background of these debates, the concept of self-identity looms large. National capitals can serve as catalysts for nation building and an instrument of the nation as it constitutes and constructs itself.
East and West are rapidly integrating in modern European discourse, melting into some new wholeness, which is still far from being homogeneous as cultural memory and traditions are strong and each nation does its best to avoid complete and irreversible integration. In the article devoted to the interaction of East and West on the example of the characters of John Lanchester's novel Capital London is also considered as a character, blurred and changeable, which needs to rediscover its own identity at the junction of East and West, different cultures embodied in the characters of the book. With the help of imagological approach and tools of intercultural communication the attitude of the characters to each other is being analyzed, their perception of others, their attempts to integrate or, on the contrary, to preserve their own cultural identity. All these processes determine not only the face of modern London, but also Europe in general, causing numerous problems and issues that are yet to be resolved. This process involves not only politicians and sociologists, but also writers, film directors, artists etc., who are rethinking and interpreting the reality using the language of different arts.