Нельсон Ролихлахла Мандела
The chapter is devoted to the life and activites of Nelson Mandela, an oustanding fighter against apartheid, first black president of the Republic of South Africa.
The book covers the history of relations between Soviet Russia and South Africa, which, for many decades, remained hidden even from those who were a part of it. It is devoted mostly to the Soviet period, although the first, introductory, chapter presents the history of relations between the two countries in the previous three hundred years, and the last one the relations after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the establishment of the diplomatic relations. In the first part of the book the reader will find a detailed analysis of close ties between the Communist Party of South Africa and the Communist International, the activities of the South African NGO Friends of the Soviet Union, trade relations in in the 1930s and the cooperation and diplomatic relations during the Second World War. The second part of the book is devoted to the relations between the USSR, South African communists and the African National Congress during the cold war era: Soviet assistance to the ANC's armed struggle, its ideological influence on the anti-apartheid movement, as well as the analysis of both Soviet and South African ideological constructs concerning one another and their mutual policies towards one another. The last part of the book covers Gorbachev's perestroika period and the infuence of the changes in the USSR and of its collapse on the situation in South Africa and on the relations between the two countries.
This article analyses Soviet roots of the official policy and ideology of the African National Congress (ANC) – the National Democratic Revolution. The article deals with the evolution of the Soviet theory of the national liberation movement, with the history of its adoption first by the South African Communist Party (SACP) and then by the ANC and with the way this theory has been playing itself out in South African politics after the ANC’s coming to power. It offers a historical perspective which helps to understand the ANC’s present policy and politics and the thinking of its leadership.
The article is based on documents from both the South African and Russian archives, interviews with participants of events, Russian contemporary publications and a wide range of other published material.
This article presents the latest developements in the racial policy of the South African ruling party, the African National Congress (ANC). The ANC which originally proclaimed non-racilaism as its goal has in practice been pursuing strictly racial agenda since coming to power in 1994. While the constitution of South Africa proclaims full equlity of representatives of different racial groups, in practice minorities are subject to discrimination in promotions and opportunities, denied the right to develop their business independently and often devoid right to be educated in their mother tongue. This policy when applied to business, both private and state, stifles the developemnt of the coutry and goes against the interests of the black majority. But the ANC continues this policy regardless.
The chapter is devoted to the life and activites of Jacob Zuma, South Africa's president from 2009.
The chapter looks into the policy of the African National Congress, South Africa's ruling party, aimed at economic empowerment of South Africa's black population and ethno-racial transformation of the South African society. It analyses the ideological background of this policy, its implementation and its political and economic results.
The article analyses the policy of South Africa's government in the sphere of nationality realtions.