Исследование процессов снабжения материалами транснациональных производственных компаний в условиях глобализации
The article compares the entry strategies of transnational corporations (TNCs) to the automobile markets of Russia and China in the context of approaches by J. Dunning and P. Buckley. The results of comparison reveal that TNCs mainly have a form of their own production in Russia, while in China they have a form of joint ventures with local companies. The model that best describes the methods used by TNCs to enter the considered markets should be a synthesis of models by J. Dunning and P. Buckley.
For mining enterprises, the need for spare parts and consumables used in the repair and operation of equipment depends on a number of factors, and the degree of influence of each of them is not unambiguous and has a more probabilistic (stochastic) nature. Therefore, the recommendations of the equipment manufacturers, which are present in the technical documentation, are more general (universal) in nature. In circumstances where it is not possible to unambiguously determine the actual need for operating resources, mining companies are forced to form additional insurance stocks necessary to ensure an uninterrupted production process and maintain productivity at a given level. To reduce the negative impact of uncertainty of the environment, it is advisable to build relationships with suppliers based on VMI technology. The calculations were made taking into account the total costs associated with the organization of orders and supplies from suppliers and consumers. The proposed solutions were based on using the model of the optimal order size in the supply chain, taking into account losses, both from immobilization of financial resources diverted to inventories, and from downtime of technological equipment. The article proposed a list of items of expenses that should be taken into account when calculating the total costs associated with purchases and stocks of operating resources of mining companies. As a result of calculations in the article, it is shown that with the development of VMI relations between mining companies and their suppliers, it is possible to achieve a mutual cost reduction, while reducing inventory levels, by increasing transparency and certainty when planning the demand.
The article based on the touristic transnational corporations' activity in Russian is dedicated to not only negative but also positive sides of interaction between Russian business and power institutions. Talking about transnational corporation in toutistic sphere we should consider at least three factors: internationalization and globalization of intertational tourism; connected with this factor tranformation of transnational corporations' structure and functions in recreational industry; specificity of so-called «soft power» implementation in the area of state and transnational business interaction. Unification of consumers’ attitudes equally as common cultural values coming from globalization are able to not only simplify the organization of international touristic business but also put to use this business as the channel of “cultural diplomacy”. Herewith the authors are invocating to treat with caution with the concept of “soft power”: commercial aims of touristic companies’ activity predominate over humanitarian duties and balance between state and private interests is not an easy course. This fact set the whole complex of obstacles in analysis of peer interaction especially in forming (or redesigning) and promoting of state image on the world stage. The authors try to overcome these obstacles and show why and whereby resource potential of foreign (needless to say about Russian ones) transnational corporations could be used for forming and promoting of Russian Federation’s positive image on the world stage.