Роль антикоррупционного гражданского образования в противодействии коррупции
The publication describs the best practices of civil anti-corruption education.
The article proposes an interdisciplinary approach to the development of the anti-corruption compliance concept in the Russian Federation. According to the authors, the anti-corruption compliance system should incorporate the main achievements of the sciences of international law, criminal law, criminal procedure law, criminalistics, and investigative activities. This approach can contribute to designing, implementing, and maintaining effective anti-corruption compliance programmes in the corporate sector.
The authors propose an own definition and a general overview of the anti-corruption compliance, and analyse main reasons for implementation of anti-corruption compliance in companies. Special attention is paid to distinctive features of legal regulation of the anti-corruption compliance in Russia and in foreign countries. The article contributes to the integration of main scientific definitions and concepts from criminal law and criminalistics, such as corruption crime, corruption offences and corruption risks into the concept of anti-corruption compliance system.
The main aim of implementation of the anti-corruption compliance in companies is to prevent committing corruption offences by employees, business partners and other associated persons. The authors come to the conclusions that the use of interdisciplinary classifications and descriptions of corruption offences and best investigative methods and practices can significantly increase an effectiveness of anti-corruption compliance programmes.
According to the authors, the proposed interdisciplinary approach can be used for development and implementation of anti-corruption compliance standards and guidelines aimed at protection of Russian companies from corruption risks.
This publication provides an analysis of legal forms of civil society participation in prevention of corruption, as well as a description of practical implementation of anti-corruption projects and programs that can be regarded as a good practices.
Over the past decade, more than a hundred regulatory acts aimed at combating corruption have been adopted in our country, the main focus of which is on the formation of anti-corruption behavior of state and municipal employees. At the same time, measures of popularization of anti-corruption standards of behavior in society through the education system - from preschool to higher - are not explicitly fixed in these acts. Nowadays conditions apply for formation anti-corrupt views among schoolchildren because secondary general education is aimed at formation and development of a personality, ratification of moral values and life principles. Mentioned circumstances claim the relevance of the research. The author pays special attention to the necessity to use potential of educational activities of educational institutions. Author suggests three forms of anti-corruption education. The subject of the article is represented by issues connected to organization of anti-corruption education. The purpose of the article is to improve educative work of institutions of general education towards formation of anti-corruption views among growing generation. To achieve the purpose, general scientific and private scientific methods were used: the dialectical method of cognition, the method of system analysis, the methods of comparisons and analogies, and a number of others. The scientific novelty of the article lies in the formation of the foundations of the concept of a comprehensive (integrated) form of anti-corruption education (training) of schoolchildren. The author believes that development of law awareness, inculcation of such values as legitimacy and legal order, respect to rights and freedoms of citizens, formation of legal culture and intolerance to corruption behavior must be realized within realization of general education programs. In order to form an anti-corruption views among students in educational institutions, the author justifies the need for updating not only federal state educational standards, but also basic educational programs, as well as adopting methodological recommendations for teachers.
Since the beginning of the 21st century, companies from various parts of the world have been actively implementing an anti-corruption compliance. This process did not leave aside Russian, primarily large, enterprises. Under their influence, the implementation process gradually started in small and medium size enterprises that often act as suppliers or service providers
The role of anti-corruption compliance as a mechanism for protecting companies from corruption offences and other misconduct should be not underestimated. At the same time, the authors noted that many largest international enterprises that invest enormous funds in designing and implementing compliance programmes are not able to prevent wrongdoing of managers, employees and third parties. As a result, these enterprises pay huge penalties to resolve anti-corruption laws violations.
Based on the results of the study, the authors come to the conclusion that anti-corruption compliance should not be limited to a set of management processes and formal standards. Anti-corruption compliance programmes and training should have a meaningful filling aimed at preventing corruption offences.
The article proposes and substantiates the idea of developing an interdisciplinary concept of anti-corruption compliance in the Russian Federation, based on the use of the achievements of the sciences of international law, criminal law, criminal procedure law, criminalistics and investigative activities.
This toolkit describes effective anti-corruption strategies, that place anti-corruption educatioin in the line with the political will, sustainable institutions and the no-impunity principle implementation. It also provides an overview of viable anti-corruption mechanizms and tools have recently appeared. Additionally there are practical recommendations concerning reliance on best practices of anti-corruption educatioin and illustrative examples of anti-corruption projects implemented by youth.