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## Mirror Symmetry and Fano Manifolds

Ch. 16. P. 285-300.

Coates T., Corti A., Galkin S., Golyshev V., Kasprzyk A.

We consider mirror symmetry for Fano manifolds, and describe how one can recover the classification of 3-dimensional Fano manifolds from the study of their mirrors. We sketch a program to classify 4-dimensional Fano manifolds using these ideas.

### In book

Zürich : European Mathematical Society Publishing house, 2014

Galkin S., Iritani H., , in : Primitive Forms and Related Subjects — Kavli IPMU 2014. : Tokyo : Mathematical Society of Japan, 2019. P. 55-115.

The asymptotic behaviour of solutions to the quantum differential equation of a Fano manifold F defines a characteristic class A_F of F, called the principal asymptotic class.
Gamma conjecture of Vasily Golyshev and the present authors claims that the principal asymptotic class A_F equals the Gamma class associated to Euler's Gamma-function.
We illustrate in the case of ...

Added: September 1, 2018

Galkin S., Golyshev V., Iritani H., Duke Mathematical Journal 2016 Vol. 165 No. 11 P. 2005-2077

We propose Gamma Conjectures for Fano manifolds which can be thought of as a square root of the index theorem. Studying the exponential asymptotics of solutions to the quantum differential equation, we associate a principal asymptotic class A_F to a Fano manifold F. We say that F satisfies Gamma Conjecture I if A_F equals the ...

Added: November 18, 2014

Galkin S., Belmans P., Mukhopadhyay S., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2020. No. 2009.05568.

We introduce graph potentials, which are Laurent polynomials associated to (colored) trivalent graphs. These graphs encode degenerations of curves to rational curves, and graph potentials encode degenerations of the moduli space of rank 2 bundles with fixed determinant. We show that the birational type of the graph potential only depends on the homotopy type of ...

Added: April 15, 2021

Ilten N. O., Lewis J., Victor Przyjalkowski, Journal of Algebra 2013 Vol. 374 P. 104-121

We show that every Picard rank one smooth Fano threefold has a weak Landau–Ginzburg model coming from a toric degeneration. The fibers of these Landau–Ginzburg models can be compactified to K3 surfaces with Picard lattice of rank 19. We also show that any smooth Fano variety of arbitrary dimension which is a complete intersection of ...

Added: July 2, 2013

Coates T., Galkin S., Kasprzyk A. et al., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014. No. 1406.4891.

We collect a list of known four-dimensional Fano manifolds and compute their quantum periods. This list includes all four-dimensional Fano manifolds of index greater than one, all four-dimensional toric Fano manifolds, all four-dimensional products of lower-dimensional Fano manifolds, and certain complete intersections in projective bundles. ...

Added: June 20, 2014

Galkin S., Iritani H., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2015. No. 1508.00719.

The asymptotic behaviour of solutions to the quantum differential equation of a Fano manifold F defines a characteristic class A_F of F, called the principal asymptotic class. Gamma conjecture of Vasily Golyshev and the present authors claims that the principal asymptotic class A_F equals the Gamma class G_F associated to Euler's Γ-function. We illustrate in ...

Added: August 5, 2015

Coates T., Corti A., Galkin S. et al., Geometry and Topology 2016 Vol. 20 No. 1 P. 103-256

The quantum period of a variety X is a generating function for certain Gromov-Witten invariants of X which plays an important role in mirror symmetry. In this paper we compute the quantum periods of all 3-dimensional Fano manifolds. In particular we show that 3-dimensional Fano manifolds with very ample anticanonical bundle have mirrors given by ...

Added: November 18, 2014

Akhtar M., Coates T., Galkin S. et al., Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry: Methods and Applications (SIGMA) 2012 Vol. 8 No. 094 P. 1-707

Given a Laurent polynomial f, one can form the period of f: this is a function of one complex variable that plays an important role in mirror symmetry for Fano manifolds. Mutations are a particular class of birational transformations acting on Laurent polynomials in two variables; they preserve the period and are closely connected with ...

Added: September 14, 2013

Coates T., Corti A., Galkin S. et al., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2012. No. 1212.1722.

We consider mirror symmetry for Fano manifolds, and describe how one can recover the classification of 3-dimensional Fano manifolds from the study of their mirrors. We sketch a program to classify 4-dimensional Fano manifolds using these ideas. ...

Added: September 14, 2013

Coates T., Galkin S., Kasprzyk A. et al., Experimental Mathematics 2020 Vol. 29 No. 2 P. 183-221

We collect a list of known four-dimensional Fano manifolds and compute their quantum periods. This list includes all four-dimensional Fano manifolds of index greater than one, all four-dimensional toric Fano manifolds, all four-dimensional products of lower-dimensional Fano manifolds, and certain complete intersections in projective bundles. ...

Added: September 1, 2018

Galkin S., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014. No. 1404.7388.

Consider a Laurent polynomial with real positive coefficients such that the origin is strictly inside its Newton polytope. Then it is strongly convex as a function of real positive argument. So it has a distinguished Morse critical point --- the unique critical point with real positive coordinates. As a consequence we obtain a positive answer ...

Added: May 4, 2014

Kuznetsov A., Debarre O., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2015.

This paper performs a systematic study of Gushel–Mukai varieties—Fano manifolds with Picard number 1, coindex 3, and degree 10 (higher-dimensional analogues of prime Fano threefolds of genus 6). We introduce a new approach to the classification of these varieties which includes mildly singular varieties, gives a criterion for an isomorphism of such varieties, and describes ...

Added: November 15, 2015

Gritsenko V., Никулин В. В., TRANSACTIONS OF THE MOSCOW MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY 2017 Т. 78 № 1 С. 89-100

Using our results about Lorentzian Kac--Moody algebras and arithmetic mirror symmetry, we give six series of examples of lattice-polarized K3 surfaces with automorphic discriminant. ...

Added: October 11, 2017

Kalinin N., Guzmán-Sáenz A., Prieto Y. et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2018 Vol. 115 No. 35 P. E8135-E8142

Tropical geometry, an established field in pure mathematics, is a place where string theory, mirror symmetry, computational algebra, auction theory, and so forth meet and influence one another. In this paper, we report on our discovery of a tropical model with self-organized criticality (SOC) behavior. Our model is continuous, in contrast to all known models ...

Added: August 28, 2018

Galkin S., Rybakov S., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2019. No. 1910.14379.

For a family of K3 surfaces we implement a variation of a general construction of towers of algebraic curves over finite fields given in a previous paper. As a result we get a good tower over k=𝔽_{p^2}, that is optimal if p=3. ...

Added: November 6, 2019

Katzarkov L. V., Gross M., Ruddat H., Advances in Mathematics 2017 Vol. 308 P. 208-275

The goal of this paper is to propose a theory of mirror symmetry for varieties of general type. Using Landau–Ginzburg mirrors as motivation, we describe the mirror of a hypersurface of general type (and more generally varieties of non-negative Kodaira dimension) as the critical locus of the zero fibre of a certain Landau–Ginzburg potential. The ...

Added: October 23, 2017

Ebeling W., Gusein-Zade S., International Mathematics Research Notices 2021 Vol. 2021 No. 16 P. 12305-12329

A.Takahashi suggested a conjectural method to find mirror symmetric pairs consisting of invertible polynomials and symmetry groups generated by some diagonal symmetries and some permutations of variables. Here we generalize the Saito duality between Burnside rings to a case of non-abelian groups and prove a "non-abelian" generalization of the statement about the equivariant Saito duality ...

Added: August 26, 2021

Katzarkov L., Przyjalkowski V., , in : Proceedings of the Gökova Geometry-Topology Conference 2011. : Boston : International Pre, 2012. P. 97-124.

In the last three years a new concept — the concept of wall crossing
has emerged. The current situation with wall crossing phenomena, after pa pers of Seiberg–Witten, Gaiotto–Moore–Neitzke, Vafa–Cecoti and seminal works
by Donaldson–Thomas, Joyce–Song, Maulik–Nekrasov–Okounkov–Pandharipande,
Douglas, Bridgeland, and Kontsevich–Soibelman, is very similar to the situation with
Higgs Bundles after the works of Higgs and Hitchin — it is ...

Added: February 16, 2013

Ionov A., / Cornell University. Series arXiv:1504.07930 "math.arxiv". 2015.

Cardy-Frobenius algebra is the algebraic structure on the space of states in open-closed topological field theory. We prove that every semisimple super Cardy-Frobenius algebras is the direct sum of the super Cardy-Frobenius algebras of three simple types. We also apply our results to singularity theory via Landau-Ginzburg models and matrix factorizations. ...

Added: November 8, 2016

Gusein-Zade S., Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry: Methods and Applications (SIGMA) 2020 Vol. 16 No. 051 P. 1-15

P. Berglund, T. Hübsch, and M. Henningson proposed a method to construct mirror symmetric Calabi–Yau manifolds. They considered a pair consisting of an invertible polynomial and of a finite (abelian) group
of its diagonal symmetries together with a dual pair. A. Takahashi suggested a method to generalize this construction to symmetry groups generated by some diagonal ...

Added: October 27, 2020

Cheltsov I., Przyjalkowski V., / Cornell University. Series arXiv "math". 2018.

We verify Katzarkov-Kontsevich-Pantev conjecture for Landau-Ginzburg models of smooth Fano threefolds. ...

Added: December 3, 2018

Basalaev A., Ionov A., Theoretical and Mathematical Physics 2021 Vol. 209 No. 2 P. 1491-1506

We study Landau-Ginzburg orbifolds (f,G) with f=xn1+…+xnN and G=S⋉Gd, where S⊆SN and Gd is either the maximal group of scalar symmetries of f or the intersection of the maximal diagonal symmetries of f with SLN(ℂ). We construct a mirror map between the corresponding phase spaces and prove that it is an isomorphism restricted to a ...

Added: November 23, 2021

Galkin S., Golyshev V., Iritani H., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014. No. 1404.6407.

We propose Gamma Conjectures for Fano manifolds which can be thought of as a square root of the index theorem. Studying the exponential asymptotics of solutions to the quantum differential equation, we associate a principal asymptotic class A_F to a Fano manifold F. We say that F satisfies Gamma Conjecture I if A_F equals the ...

Added: May 4, 2014

Fonarev A., Kuznetsov A., / Cornell University. Series arXiv "math". 2016.

We prove that the derived category D(C) of a generic curve of genus greater than one embeds into the derived category D(M) of the moduli space M of rank two stable bundles on C with fixed determinant of odd degree. ...

Added: April 10, 2017