Knowledge accumulated by the science of social security law is the basis for its further development and require theoretical apprehension through perception of the subject and object of study of this branch legal science.
Analyzing the views of scientists on the subject of this branch legal science the author concludes that the subject of social security law is understood as objects of study and the range of problems under its research as they allow us to see that the object lies in the subject of the science and the subject reveals through perception of the object.
In the article we study the concept ‘social security’ on the level of theoretical learning and conclude that it acquires legal characteristics and means the result materializing ideas of the learned subject approaching to which makes the main task of the science in question, reveals the objective law of the reality sphere learned by social security law.
All other concepts give substance to it and specify its content and are the steps for achieving the main aim of the science of social security law.
The science of social security law tends to give substance and articulates the concept of ‘social security’ and constantly enlarges and deepens legal knowledge.
Thus, ‘social security’ becomes the object of the science of social security law as it is directly related with the final aim of theoretical learning of legal phenomena in the sphere of social security.
The article examines the legal status of servicemen and members of their families as particular subjects of law of social security. Analyzed the basic of differentiation of legal regulation of social assistance for this category of citizens, the justification of special status. Designated amount of cash payment, benefits, guarantees.