The presented book is a collection of abstracts and papers of the XVIII International conference on historiography and source stadies of Asia and Africa, hold at St. Petersburg, April, 22 -- 24, 2015 at Saint Petersburg State University.
The polemical treatise by Ibn Ḥazm (994–1064), the famous Andalusian Muslim author, has a section on the Incarnation of God, in which the author provides a critical survey of doctrinal divisions in Christianity. Similarly to other Muslim authors, Ibn Ḥazm describes three main Christian denominations: the “Melkites”, the “Jacobites”, and the “Nestorians”. Thus, the Greek Chalcedonians and those of the Latin West were virtually combined into the same denomination. The article discusses Ibn Ḥazm’s arguments against the main Christian dogma with a special reference to the probable influence of the polemical works of the medieval Muslim scholars on the relationship between the two Chalcedonian groups.