К вопросу о трудовой занятости женщин в североамериканских колониях.
The novel of Elsa Morante «History» (1974) is studied. Elsa Morante is a prominent Italian writer of the XX-th century. The genre characteristics, the features of historical novel and connections with classical French and Russian literatures are analyzed. The novel relates to the Second World War, it is based on the narration of stories of lives of simple people, and the influence of macro-history to the micro-history is shown. In the conclusion it is revealed that the novel «History» is a manifest against violence in general. «History» is a chronicle, based on different testimonies and on the life experience of the author. The language and the style completely correspond to the genre of chronicle.
Folding of the American historical experience proceeded dramaticly, but brought important lessons for the development of all mankind. XXXIV International Conference of the Russian Society for the Study of American Culture, entitled "Display and interpretation of history in the culture of the United States", helped to analyze the dynamics of the processes associated with the perception of the history of North American cultural figures.
The yearbook published materials about the period from the end of XVIII to the middle of XX century. The authors examine a wide range of problems - from the ratification of the Constitution in 1787 in Massachusetts to the so-called American university novel. The reader will find little-known travel impressions of poet Balmont from a trip to America in the early XX century. Under the heading "America and Russia" a comparative analysis of the relationship of Russian and American to aborigines, examined the activities of the Soviet scientific, technical and industrial intelligence in the U.S. during the Second World War. Canadian themes represented by articles on the protection of fur seals in the Russian -Canadian relations at the turn of XIX-XX centuries. and the evolution of the Canada -Mexico bilateral relations. In the " Bibliography " are works on the history of the United States and Canada, published in Russian in 2007-2008 . For historians, political scientists and all those interested in the history of America.
During the Revolutionary War, women applied their traditional skills they learned as homemakers to espionage work. Often at great peril they secretly provided critical intelligence data to military and civilian leaders. There were several women in the Setauket Spy Ring that operated during revolution and kept general Washington supplied with information regarding the movements of the British troops in New York and Long Island.
In this article we are talking about the early development of the educational process in one of England's North American colonies. Pennsylvania attracted many immigrants from Europe by its religious freedom. Moving to a new land, Europeans from different countries brought their way of life, including various systems of education. Therefore, at the end of the beginning of the XVII-XVIII centuries there were several different types of schools. The national education system, which appeared only in the XIX century has absorbed much of the colonists created.
The second issue of the collection of articles is devoted to actual problems and new methods in the history of the USA in modern Russian American studies. The specialists from Moscow, Kursk, Orel, Tambov, Saransk, Astrakhan, Kirov and also from Belarus (Minsk), Ukraine (Kiev) and USA (Pennsylvania, Illinois) created it. It became international as a matter of fact. The mutual cooperation of different specialists in the American Studies: historians, philologists, culturologists, politologists, lawyers will be a special feature of this collection. There are different articles on actual questions. There are articles on domestic and foreign policy of the USA in 18-21 centuries. It has works on the history of American journalism, literature, theatre and law. The authors used new methods of studying: narrative, discourse, gender, interdisciplinary, comparative analysis and computer investigation of statistics. The collection of articles will be interesting and useful to researches, lectures and teachers, post-graduates and students, and also those who are interested in the problems of the USA.
The history of formation of the new scientific discipline – women’ and gender studies in Russian science of the past – is represented in the article through the prism of creation of the united information and search resource – a database “Women’ and Gender History of Russia, 1800-2010”. The authors focus the attention on the absence of such nationwide catalogues and bibliographies, on the complexity of the information collectioning and its generalization, as well as on the methods of ensuring the gathered information in the tags and keywords. At the same time the article encourages to join to the network of the researchers who study the past through the aspect of gender, talks about the role that “The Russian Association of Women’ History Researchers” played in the development of the “new social history” – with the ascent on the history from the individuals till the large social groups.
This article is about one of the most radical sects of independents — quakers. The English Govenment considered quakers to be a danger to the state and began to persecute them. As a result a lot of quakers went to the North America and founded their own colony there.
In 1922 a group of Americans moved from the Pacific Northwest to Soviet Russia to settle an agricultural commune they called Seattle. The Seattle Commune was one among many enterprises founded by foreign sympathizers in the new Soviet republic. All these communes faced obstacles and most collapsed by the end of the decade. In contrast, Seattle persisted as a commune, lasting from 1939 to 1991 as a collective farm. Scholars have argued that the success of foreign communes hinged on their members' ideological commitment to the Soviet cause. Using correspondence, archival documents, and journalistic accounts from the United States and Russia, this case study of the Seattle Commune's early years argues that material factors mattered as much as ideology for the survival of Soviet agricultural communes. Commune members wanted to build a communist future but also envisioned prosperity for themselves and their communities as an element of this future.