Традиционалистские движения в современном северно-осетинском обществе и логика религиозного национализма
This chapter focuses on contradictions in the development of social anthropology curriculum in contemporary Russia. Ethnography as a predecessor to social anthropology has been developing in Russia for several centuries as an academic discipline and occupation with a strong focus on folk culture, ethnicity. In Soviet times, professional training of ethnographers was offered within the Departments of History at several universities. The Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology (previously The Institute of Enthography) is the oldest institution in Russia for studies of humanities, which sprang from the Kunstkamera (Cabinet of Curiosities) founded by Peter the Great. This long tradition of ethnography as a scholarly discipline is based on field research with emphasis on ethnic peculiarities and inter-ethnic conflicts. In the beginning of 1990s, the oldest academic institution, the Institute of Ethnography of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) acquired a new name: the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of RAS, which signified a shift in self-identification of traditional ethnographers towards international recognition. A number of university-based and independent research centres were established in various Russian regions. The thematic scope of their research interests is wide and includes not only focus on past and present folk cultures, but also on issues of society, culture and diversity as seen in the programs of conferences and content of publications. The institutional resource for disciplinary and professional identity is a new Association of anthropologists and ethnographers that includes now more than a thousand members. The transformation of social anthropology curricula is explored on the national and local levels in relation to implications of the Bologna project and what makes social anthropology a distinctive area of professional training. The analysis shows that the characteristics of social anthropology education and training are defined as well as constrained by such structuring parameters as the conception of professionalism, highly ambivalent relations with contemporary post-socialist governments, the backgrounds of teachers and departments, a philosophy and ideology of diversity, reception of the notion of human rights and international exchange. Based on the results of analysing interviews and relevant documents, we will show contradictory processes in social anthropology curriculum in Russia.
The article is based on the results of qualitative interviews and analysis of documents. The authors consider conditions of the development of social anthropology curricula in Russian universities. They claim that social anthropology programs in Russia in the beginning of 1990s have been established under the conditions of competition of different agents and their ideologies. The study of a discussion on educational standards helps reconstruct institutional dynamics that have led to a crisis of university training program in social anthropology. An analytic perspective of sociology of knowledge has been used to consider such factors of this program development as legacy of intellectual traditions, ideological and bureaucratic control of higher education, conflict of agents interested in monopolization of this field. The types of educational programs have been presented that implement national standard in social anthropology in different Russian universities. The typology is based on the axes universal / local and pure / applied scholarship.
Book of abstracts of the 12th Biennial conference of the European Association of Social Anthropologists held in Paris in 2012.
Book of abstracts of the 13 Biennial Conference of the European Association of Social Anthropologists held in Tallinn, Estonia in 2014.
The report reviews the conference «Social anthropology in Russia as a research and university discipline: search for past and future» organized by the state university «Higher school of economics» on September 11-13, 2007 in Pushkin. The purpose of conference was to discuss a wide circle of problems of the position of anthropology in Russia. The program of presentations included three sections: social anthropology as part of a curriculum, social anthropology as a scientific discipline and peculiarities of the academic community.