Социально-психологический капитал как фактор предпринимательского поведения
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of socio - psychological capital on the individual 's intention to open a private business. The hypothesis of our study was that people who intend to start their own business have a higher socio- psychological capital, which positively affects their intention to start their own business . Social and psychological capital personality - a resource person , which is a degree of balance in the exchange relationship with the immediate environment and the social environment that allows her to get help and improve the social environment. The sample included 269 respondents EU nationals to start their own business . As a socio- psychological capital were assessed three types of resources: the different resources obtainable from family and friends ( willingness to help in the event of financial, legal, bureaucratic problems) , the number of friends , frequency of contact with family members , involvement in the activities of various organizations. In assessing the intention of opening your own business , we relied on the theory of planned behavior A.Ayzena (Ajzen, 1991). Additionally used the construct of "implementation intentions » (Gollwitzer, 1999) , allowing to estimate the correlation honey intention and implementation. To assess the contribution of social and psychological capital in the implementation of the entrepreneurial intention of using the structural equation modeling (Joreskog & Sorbom, 1993) study showed the socio- psychological capital (resources, which can be represented family involvement in the formal network of relationships ) shows a direct positive impact on intention to start a business , as well as on the perceived behavioral control and installation. The exception is one of the components of social and psychological capital - the number of friends that demonstrates the opposite effect on the components of planned behavior . The study concluded that the social and psychological capital is a facilitator of the intention to open private businesses.
New notion “socio-psychological capital” is proposed and operationalized. From the author’s point of view, socio-psychological capital is a certain psychological relations that are a basis for social capital forming. I. Ajzen’s theory of planned behavior is used as theoretical bases for entrepreneurial behavior study. It is shown that there is an infl uence of some components of socio-psychological capital (institutional trust, social trust and perceived social capital) on socio-cognitive phenomena underlying the intention to open person’s own business. It is stated that socio-psychological capital does not infl uence directly on intention to open one’s own business.
The paper is devoted to the new construct in social psychology - socio-psychological capital of a person. The necessity of its introduction to the conceptual apparatus of social psychology is justified. Analysis of the concept is conducting in a way of how it can be integrated in intercultural relations of such multicultural society as Russia. This article contains definition of socio-psychological capital of a person, description of its structure, possible predictors and effects.