Chapter 1 contains 25 mathematical an logical sophisms; the reader is encouraged to find errors in the arguments "proving" the absurd assertions. In Chaper 2, we analyze these sophisms.
This volume contains contributions presented at the Internatio-nal Seminar that took place on December 19th, 2012 and was organised by the Department for European Studies of the Institute of Europe RAS with the support of the RAS Presidium. Experts from Latvia, Belarus and Ukraine, officials from the MFA RF, representa-tives of the EU Member states embassies, NGOs and media as well as researchers from the Institute of Europe took part in the Seminar. The participants were asked to formulate Russia’s anxieties and ex-pectations in its relations with the EU in economic, political and se-curity spheres. Most papers presented in the volume conclude that there is no alternative than to further develop the ongoing dialog with the EU. Concrete tasks of the broad cooperation agenda in economy, justice and security, science and culture make both sides look for the reasonable compromise in the dialog even if their interests and guiding principles differ.
What is it to be a work of art? Renowned author and critic Arthur C. Danto addresses this fundamental, complex question. Part philosophical monograph and part memoiristic meditation, What Art Is challenges the popular interpretation that art is an indefinable concept, instead bringing to light the properties that constitute universal meaning. Danto argues that despite varied approaches, a work of art is always defined by two essential criteria: meaning and embodiment, as well as one additional criterion contributed by the viewer: interpretation. Danto crafts his argument in an accessible manner that engages with both philosophy and art across genres and eras, beginning with Plato’s definition of art in The Republic, and continuing through the progress of art as a series of discoveries, including such innovations as perspective, chiaroscuro, and physiognomy. Danto concludes with a fascinating discussion of Andy Warhol’s famous shipping cartons, which are visually indistinguishable from the everyday objects they represent.
In Soviet Russia, during the 1920s—early 1930s dozens of publishing houses published children's literature richly (sometimes lavishly) illustrated by the best (yet sometimes the worst) artists of the epoch. They epitomized the real revolution in the art of the picture-book and, at the same time, the revolution in the message that had been conveyed in these books. In other words, the children's books of the early Soviet era embodied the twofold revolution: in aesthetics and in spirit. This book is the study of this revolutionary phenomenon: how early Soviet authors, artists, and book designers used innovative artistic concepts in the production of books intended for children and thus served the ruling authorities in forging the new citizens of the Communist state by means of the subtle art of indoctrination.
This monograph contains the translations of two chapters ("Pratyakṣa-lakṣaṇa-parīkṣā" and "Anumāna- parīkṣā") and the studies on the Buddhist epistemology and logic as developed in the compendium of the great Buddhist scholar Śāntarakṣita "Tattvasaṃgraha" ("Collection of categories") and in the commentary "Pañjikā" of Kamalaśīla (both lived in VIII AD). Because Buddhists base their theory through the refutation of competing theories of all major systems, the text contains valuable information on the history of not only Buddhist, but all Indian epistemology and logic.
Introduction, chapters 1 and 3 were written by N. Kanaeva, chapter 2 - by V. Lysenco.
The book is adressed to historians of Philosophy and to the specialists in epistemology and cognitive sciences.