• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 159
by name
by year
Ковалев А. И., Митина С., Орлова Э. А. и др. М.: Наука, 2003.
Added: Oct 21, 2013
Романко В. К. М.: Наука, 2011.
Added: Apr 5, 2012
Левин М. И., Макаров В. Л., Рубинов А. М.: Наука, 1993.
Added: Oct 21, 2009
Токарев В. В. Т. 2. М.: Наука, 2009.
Added: Jul 1, 2009
Беляев Л., Марченко О., Филиппов С. П. и др. Новосибирск: Наука, 2000.

This book presents the results of a study of long-term perspectives for energy development of the world and its main regions, performed at the Siberian Energy Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Energy Systems Institute since 1998). The methodological approach, the 10-regional Global Energy Model (GEM-10R) of the world energy system, energy demand forecasts, data on energy resources and energy technologies, and results of calculations based on mathematical models are described. Particular attention is given to determination of energy requirements and peculiarities of its technological structure that are caused by mankind's necessary transition to sustainable development. Economic and ecological consequences of constraints on greenhouse gas emissions and scales of nuclear energy production, as well as assistance of developed countries to developing ones are investigated. Problems of cheap oil, gas and uranium resources depletion, fuel price growth, synthetic fuel production and new energy technology implementation are analysed.

Added: Feb 28, 2017
Акимов А. В. М.: Наука, 1992.
Added: Oct 13, 2011
Гольденгорин Б. И. Алматы: Наука, 1992.
Added: Jul 31, 2012
Киселева В. В. М.: Наука, 1976.
Added: Jun 19, 2009
Киселева В. В. М.: Наука, 1973.
Added: Jun 19, 2009
Филиппов С. П. М.: Наука, 1993.
Added: Feb 27, 2017
Панченко Д. В. СПб.: Наука, 2016.

Dmitri Panchenko

On the Eastern Slope of Olympus: The Impact of Greek Ideas on Chinese Cosmology




Preface and acknowledgements


Starting with the More or Less Obvious


Difficulties of communication between the Greek world and China in antiquity; no sign of awareness of each other for a long time

The establishment of official relations between the Han Empire and Hellenized Central Asia at the end of the second century BC

Reasons to assume earlier contacts


Shared ideas of unlikely independent origin:



A son informing on his farther

The world’s destruction and restoration according to a certain period in the revolution of the celestial bodies

A common illustration of the movement of the planets

Heaven that knows everything because it is air


Hun tian and the Greek notion of the celestial sphere


The nontriviality of the notion of the celestial sphere

Its sudden emergence within Chinese cosmology

The universe like an egg

Zhang Heng and Archimedes


Gai tian and early Greek astronomy


The Zhou bi suan jing

Cosmography based on the principle of optical illusion


The shadow rule and its origin

– Reasons to doubt the Chinese origin of the shadow rule: incompatibility with the stated Chinese measure of length, inadequate application, the vagueness of tradition

– The shadow rule by Cosmas Indicopleustes

– The confusion in respect to how shadows behave in the latitudes of Syene and Meroe goes back to an early stage of Greek science

– The same mistake by Arrian who cites Nearchus who read the work by Hecataeus of Miletus

– Gnomon and gnomonics in Miletus in the sixth century BC: Anaximander and Anaximenes

– The evolution of Greek measures of length

– Eratosthenes was not able to provide an accurate measurement of the circumference of the earth without using the shadow rule

– Why are the Greek scientists silent about the shadow rule?

–  Anaximander’s «geōmetria»

– Parmenides about the width of the torrid zone

– Thales’ measuring of the height of a pyramid and Sea island by Liu Hui

– Inadequate expansion of the shadow rule in the Zhou bi

– Signs of the inadequate expansion of the shadow rule in Greek and Latin sources: the Pythagoreans on the distance of the Moon, Sun and stars


–The range of solar illumination: from the equinoctial circle to the pole

–The range of solar illumination: from the equinoctial circle to a circumpolar circle

–Eccentres and epicycles of the early Pythagoreans in the light of Chinese parallels

–«Pythagoreans» and «mathematicians»

–The range of solar illumination: 167 000 li or 167 000 stadia?


The ways of how ideas and techniques spread from the Greek world to China


Physicians as itinerary experts

The Milesians settled at the Persian Gulf (494 BC)

The story of the Branchidae: the Milesians settled near the future Silk Road (479 – 329 BC)


Greek and Chinese cosmogonies: similar and related


The same basic motives

The original formlessness

The distribution of the stuff within the cosmic edifice



Music, number and heavenly harmony


Ling Lun

Pythagoras, Hippasus and Lasus of Hermione

Heavenly music: the origin of the doctrine

Heavenly music in China?


Yin-Yang: a Greek idea that became Chinese


Illness caused by the predominance of the one of the opposites

The opposites in early Greek cosmology and medicine

Tsou Yen and his role in the rise of correlative thinking

Indian and Greek parallels to several ideas of Tsou Yen

Medicine and cosmology (an additional note)


The Grand one, the Boundless, and the Dao


Convergence on the basis of common legacy?


The Greeks as the Europeans

The Shang: with a pantheon headed by the supreme god of the Indo-Europeans

The Zhou: «the people of western lands »

The ritual plough

Shangdi and Skaði

Sæmingr and Prince Millet

The Mandate of Heaven

What follows from all that?


Added: Feb 20, 2018
Браверман Э., Левин М. И. М.: Наука, 1981.
Added: Oct 8, 2010
Давидсон А. Б., Нерсесов Г., Смирнов С. М.: Наука, 1964.
Added: Jul 24, 2013