Edited volume based on contributions and presentations done by participants in the international conference “Russia in the World of Power in the XXI century”, which was devoted to the 20-th Anniversary of the Council on Foreign and Defense Policy and the 10-th anniversary of “Russia in Global Affairs” journal.
Nature preservation and nature protection should become an important component of the Russian national idea, its mission both for itself and for the world, an important element of the Russian international identity. At the same time international cooperation in nature protection should become a positive contribution of Russia to the world development, a component of its international attractiveness and authority.
The current trends in international relations and the national characteristics of Russia, its competitive advantages, as well as its internal and external challenges, require the development and implementation of a new domestic and foreign policy in the field of nature protection and its transformation into one of the priorities of the national and foreign policy.
Environmental problems are becoming one of the primary issues in international relations, along with international security and economic development. The COVID-19 pandemic has only reinforced this trend.
The environmental and climate agenda has both consolidating and dividing potential. On the one hand, it can become one of the few agendas that can unite the most diverse countries in terms of values, models of political and economic development, foreign policy orientation, and establish a dialogue and cooperation between them, even if their relations with each other are generally unfriendly.
On the other hand, climate and environmental issues are becoming an increasingly important part – both a tool and a factor – of this competition. The approaches to combating climate change that are being promoted by Western countries, primarily the EU, are largely discriminatory, they reinforce the economic dominance of the West and the backwardness of developing countries, and therefore only provoke increased international competition.
The current environmental policy of Russia is not sufficiently active and does not fully meet the challenges of the time, the sharp increase in the importance of the environment in the world economy and international relations, its transformation into a factor of competition, as well as the close fusion of the environmental agenda with the economic and technological one.