The set of problems relating to the South China Sea – a vast maritime area forming the strategic heartland of Southeast Asia – has traditionally loomed large in foreign policy priorities of the key powers shaping the regional geopolitical landscape. Currently, there are strong reasons for arguing that the South China Sea issue is very likely to increase its rank in the key priorities of the US, China and ASEAN.
The second volume of the two-part edition presents the results of the research on trends of political and economic change in several leading European countries (Germany, Great Britain, France, Sweden, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, and in new members of the EU). National models are characterized, and the influence that globalization and European integration exert on national development are assessed. Special attention is paid to the transformation of political institutions, to public attitudes and identities, to problems encountered by the welfare state and to the mechanisms of coping with the economic recession that have emerged over the past few years.Key issues on the current public agenda–immigration and integration policies, educational reform and energy policies–are also considered.
As before, the latest issue of the “West – East – Russia” Yearbook covers major events, processes and trends of 2014 related to interactions between the developed Center and World Periphery and Semi-Periphery. Russia’s interests and positions in this context is important theme for us. Special attention is given to conflicts in Ukraine which were meaning not only at national or regional level, but also led to a restructuring of the World political space, confrontation between the West and Russia. Different problems in separate regions (including East Asia, South-East Asia, Latin America, Africa, CIS etc.) are examined. As usual, there is some information on ecological problems, academic activities and recently published books.
Missile launches and nuclear tests initiated by DPRK undermined inter-Korean cooperation and regional stability. The primary purpose of these activities was to strengthen legitimacy of Kim Jong Un’s administration. South Korean president Park Geun-Hye’s policy towards Pyongyang focused on improving mutual understanding and developing step-by-step inter-Korean cooperation. Regional powers jointly opposed North Korea’s missile and nuclear programs, but failed to elaborate common understanding on policies to promote security on the Korean peninsula as well as on prospects for the unification of Korea.
The monograph analyses the world oil market transformation across the entire value-added chain. The study focuses on the following issues: the role of financial market in the US tight oil sector development under different oil price environment; adjusting corporate strategies of the world largest private vertically integrated oil companies to new market demands; functional role of global oil traders at the world oil market; world refining transformation under the influence of «shale revolution» and oil demand shift towards Asia Pacific region; restructuring of global flows of crude oil and petroleum products in accordance with the new demand-supply configuration; correction in the globalization strategy of the national state company Petrobras (Brazil); perspectives of passenger car transport electrification in India.
The monograph is about the current challenges of the modern MTS. The author analysis the evolution of the MTS from the attempt to create the International trade organization in 1946-1948, signature of the GATT-1947 through eight rounds of trade negotiations till creation of the WTO in 1994. Among the main challenges of the modern MTS the author underlines protectionism, regionalism, effectiveness of the WTO facing the change in world balance of economic power, problem of development, crisis of decision making and finally he tries to describe the prospects of the future institutional reforming of the WTO. The last chapter is dedicated to the relations of USSR/Russia and GATT/WTO including two years experience of Russia’s membership in WTO since August 2012.
Assessing the nature, factors and alternatives of contemporary social change is a key challenge for contemporary social science requiring methodological approaches fit to interpret the radical transformations of the institutions and the habitat, of the individual’s mentality and modes of behavior. The way development has been perceived exclusively within the capitalist Western-oriented model is being reconsidered, and the principal methodological approaches of qualitative research in the field are being scrutinized. The critical characteristics of contemporary development are clearly manifested in the political sphere: the emergence of new institutions and new actors transform political spaces and reframe the conventional understanding of politics. The authors test the possibilities of achieving a methodological synthesis in studying political change and propose approaches to overcome the “methodological nationalism” which has so far dominated political science. This revision can be achieved, it is argued, by adequately using the understated cognitive potential of identity studies and by introducing into the research framework, alongside institutions and collective actors, the spatial and the individual, personal dimensions of political development. The edited volume presents the results of the research project funded by the Russian Foundation for the Humanities № 12-03-00306a “The methodology of analyzing political and sociocultural development and forecasting social and political change in the modernization context”.
The report analyses intellectual background of the long-term framework of internal and foreign policy of major countries in the Pacific region. While presenting an overview of the key concepts underpinning long-term policies of these countries, the authors also make assumptions about possible modification of these concepts in the future and the emergence of new theoretical positions defining practical steps to be taken by the regional powers.
The report outlines and systemizes the factors that predetermined key ASEAN “success stories” during its fifty-year history. The author develops criteria for assessing ASEAN success stories, reviews current challenges which ASEAN is encountering, reveals the potential and the mechanisms of ASEAN policy in Eurasia, identifies points of ASEAN’s and Russia’s interest in cooperation in the Greater Eurasia.