In the monograph the complex criminological and legal research of the problems connected with legal characteristics of the special subject of a crime, their criminological significance and public danger, features of criminal responsibility is carried out. The most criminogenic signs of a special subject, the analysis of the practice of sentencing for crimes subject to the requirements of individualization, as well as more developed position on the nature and significance of criminological and legal approach to the study of a special subject of a crime, personality of a criminal – of the special subject, deformations of judicial practice and trends in criminal policy in relation to crimes with a special subject, on the possibilities of improving criminal legislation and law enforcement activities to combat such crimes. The empirical basis of the study is formed by the materials of judicial and investigative practice, as well as the results of specific sociological studies. The publication is intended for teachers and students of educational institutions, cadets and students of educational institutions of law enforcement agencies. It can be used by graduate students, adjuncts, researchers, law enforcement officers, lawyers.