The emergence and use of advanced technologies in today’s commerce has gradually grown into habitual practice, and the introduction of more modern weapons including UAVs to military operations is hardly a new challenge in the history of armed conflicts. The interim research results concerning attitudes to drone usage have highlighted a number of contradictions in national and international law and policies and revealed a certain inconsistency in the respondents’ attitudes partially caused by the different width of Overton windows devoted to drone expansion in the two countries, as well as by the use of the socio-cognitive tools currently changing the national attitudes and value systems as part of the national mentalities. The research has highlighted a number of contradictions that proved to be more profession-specific, age and gender-specific.
This state-of-the-art survey is dedicated to the memory of Emmanuil Markovich Braverman (1931-1977), a pioneer in developing the machine learning theory. The 12 revised full papers and 4 short papers included in this volume were presented at the conference "Braverman Readings in Machine Learning: Key Ideas from Inception to Current State" held in Boston, MA, USA, in April 2017, commemorating the 40th anniversary of Emmanuil Braverman's decease. The papers present an overview of some of Braverman's ideas and approaches. The collection is divided in three parts. The first part bridges the past and the present. Its main contents relate to the concept of kernel function and its application to signal and image analysis as well as clustering. The second part presents a set of extensions of Braverman's work to issues of current interest both in theory and applications of machine learning. The third part includes short essays by a friend, a student, and a colleague.
The processes of globalization and digitalization of the economy and society affect the change in production and financial relations and significantly transform it. Any transformations that occur in the economy have positive and negative consequences, which requires in-depth study and development of measures aimed at preventing the appearance of signs of negative forecasts and accelerating positive changes. The chapter reveals the features of transformation of financial law institutions and the financial system as a whole in the conditions of digitalization of the economy, examines the dynamics of development of the most important financial law institutions in the conditions of the digital economy formation and the personnel formation. The authors substantiate the need for special control by the state when introducing new digital innovations in the sphere of financial activities of the state and society. The authors pay special attention to the most important trends in the development of financial law in the aspects of legal regulation, legal doctrine and legal practice related to digital financial technologies.
This book addresses a wide range of issues relating to the theoretical substantiation of the necessity of Industry 4.0, the development of the methodological tools for its analysis and evaluation, and practical solutions for effectively managing this process. It particularly focuses on solving the problem of optimizing the development of Industry 4.0 in the context of knowledge economy formation.
The book presents the authors’ approach to studying the process of Industry 4.0 formation in connection with knowledge economy, and approach that allows the process to be studied in connection with the existing socio-economic and technological conditions. As a result, the conclusions and recommendations could be applied to modern economic systems and do not require any further elaboration.
The presented research is based on modern economic theory scientific and methodological tools, including the tools of the theory of economic cycles, the theory of games, and the institutional economic theory. Raising awareness of the problem of Industry 4.0 formation, the book is of interest to a wide audience, including not only specialists and experts with a detailed knowledge of the topic, but also scholars, lecturers, and undergraduates of various fields of economics
This handbook presents an international state-of-the-art book on love in research and practice. It is anchored in classical, contemporary and postmodern perspectives and various disciplines. The book expands previous theoretical, empirical and applied research by presenting new transcultural and transdisciplinary approaches. The authors describe concepts and theories of love from cultural viewpoints with regard to manifestations of love in digital, social, cultural and political contexts. They also focus on love in the context of religion, belief systems, family and intergenerational relations, in the context of counselling, therapy and psychiatry. Additionally, authors explore love in the context of globalisation, in the literature, in workplace and business contexts and with regard to its dark side.
This volume is a must for scientists, researchers and practitioners interested in positive emotions, love, as well as cultural and international perspectives.
This book covers the classical theory of Markov chains on general state-spaces as well as many recent developments. The theoretical results are illustrated by simple examples, many of which are taken from Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods. The book is self-contained, while all the results are carefully and concisely proven. Bibliographical notes are added at the end of each chapter to provide an overview of the literature.
The analysis presented of non-axisymmetrically deformed shells behaviour reveals the variety of shell features affecting not only critical loads but also postbuckling behaviour and structural workability as well. These features are profoundly con-nected, not with load and structural irregularities, but with properties of nonlinear solutions inherent to thin shells. Non-axisymmetric deformation of shells demonstrates significant subcritical deflections and the possibility of smooth transformations (rearrangements) of shapes (due to the existence of ‘‘energetically close’’ postcritical shapes) and following rapid development up to a limit point. Perturbations of load and structure manifest themselves diversely. If a pertur-bation induces shapes mismatching any of the postcritical ones (those produced by primary, secondary, or tertiary bifurcation paths), a certain drop of critical load may occur but the general branching pattern remains unchanged. If the defor-mation shape induced by a perturbation is similar to any postcritical one, reso-nance occurs, the bifurcation pattern of postcritical branches is disrupted, and the critical load drops significantly. In that case the structure is maximally sensitive to perturbation value. Perturbations of initially nonhomogeneous stress–strain states are generally insignificant due to already developed strong nonuniformity. An ideal bifurcation pattern is disrupted in the case of a continuous spectrum of perturbation or in presence of its harmonics resonant to postcritical shapes. If the subcritical and postcritical shapes are similar, then the sensitivity to any perturbation is minimal. Thus, the load-carrying capability of compressed shells developing non-axi-symmetric deformation is not directly determined by critical loads. Additional criteria of stress, strain and displacement limitation may be considered. On the other hand, local buckling may not affect the load-carrying capability in the case of existence of an adjacent ascending branch of a solution.
For multilayer structures, such perturbations as shell wall delamination may cause local buckling such as snap-off of a delaminated layer, i.e. a jump to an isolated branch of the solution. The existence domain of such a buckling form is determined by the size of the delaminated area only. This phenomenon illustrates the existence of general, local and mixed buckling modes with essentially different levels of critical loads; occurrence of some specific modes depends upon the type and value of perturbation.
This book offers an introduction to the research in several recently discovered and actively developing mathematical and mathematical physics areas. It focuses on: 1) Feynman integrals and modular functions, 2) hyperbolic and Lorentzian Kac-Moody algebras, related automorphic forms and applications to quantum gravity, 3) superconformal indices and elliptic hypergeometric integrals, related instanton partition functions, 4) moonshine, its arithmetic aspects, Jacobi forms, elliptic genus, and string theory, and 5) theory and applications of the elliptic Painleve equation, and aspects of Painleve equations in quantum field theories. All the topics covered are related to various partition functions emerging in different supersymmetric and ordinary quantum field theories in curved space-times of different (d=2,3,…,6) dimensions. Presenting multidisciplinary methods (localization, Borcherds products, theory of special functions, Cremona maps, etc) for treating a range of partition functions, the book is intended for graduate students and young postdocs interested in the interaction between quantum field theory and mathematics related to automorphic forms, representation theory, number theory and geometry, and mirror symmetry.
Non-destructive testing technology methods are usually used for detection, location and sizing of both surface and internal defects of different nature. The School of Non-Destructive Testing of the Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia, is promoting scientific research and industrial applications of non-destructive testing technology, which includes microwave, acoustical (ultrasonic), infrared, magnetic, vibration, radiography, visual and other testing and related methods, for safety of operation of medical and industrial processes. Today, there is a need for educational materials that will help in the formation and continuous training of their specialists in non-destructive testing. This tutorial can be used as a complementary technical document to enhance the skills of NDT professionals and as a basic resource to educate managers and decision makers in the industry about the future of NDT. The current timely book presents recent advantages and perspective directions in scientific investigations and industrial applications of non-destructive testing in different areas including medicine, quality assurance, sensors and engineering systems: ultrasionic tomography, infrared inspection and spectral analysis, surface material control, diagnostics of metal nanopowders, biomedical engineering. NDT takes centre stage in our technological world, books that highlight what is possible are both welcome and instructive. I am delighted to see this comprehensive book take shape and promote the field to the next generation of researchers looking AQ1 for new avenues to explore.
This book discusses the role of regional design and visioning in the formation of regional territorial governance to offer a better understanding of (1) how a recognition of spatial dynamics and the visualization of spatial futures informs, and is informed by, planning frameworks and (2) how such design processes inform co-operation and collaboration on planning in metropolitan regions. It gathers theoretical reflections on these topics, and illustrates them by means of practical experiences in several European countries. Innovatively associating ideas with knowledge, it appeals to anyone with an interest in planning experiments in a post-regulative era. It aims at an increased understanding of how practices, engaged with the imagination of possible futures, support the creation of institutional capacity for strategic spatial planning at regional scales.
We discuss the applicability of multiphase lattice Boltzmann method for the simulation of the drop oscillation. We demonstrate that the simulation of the single drop excited to the first eigenmode does follow Rayleigh formula. Simulations show no sensitivity to the number of the discrete velocities with D3Q19 and D3Q27 representations of the distribution function in three dimensions. The boundaries do influent the motion of the drop—division of the computational area by the even and the odd number of cells comes out important and leads to symmetry violence. The second part of the chapter describes the oscillations of the ensemble of three drops due to the excitation of the central drop in the first eigenmode. The motion of the backdrops does strongly depend on the viscosity of the fluid. We provide future details of simulations.