The monograph examines key topics of Russian philosophy of culture and history and their significance for the development of current philosophical studies. The book presents an attempt at analyzing the problem of internal interactions between religious, artistic and socio-political traditions in Russian history. The author continues the discussion on the civilizational, cultural and political identity of Russia. The author recognizes that it is especially important to see the problem of continuity of spiritual and social experience in the cultural and political history of Russia. The monograph analyzes the inner link between artistic and religious traditions of Russian culture as a problem of creative philosophy. The author tries to reconstruct the historical image of Russia and Europe created by Russian philosophers and religious thinkers in the XIX - the first half of the XX centuries.