The Soviet assistance to the leading political forces in China, including the Guomindang, has been always an object of numerous discussions. Soviet/Russian historians tend to emphasize its major importance for the political development of China, but their Chinese counterparts belittle its significance quite often. Why is it still difficult to evaluate the quantity and the quality of this assistance? What criteria should be used for its objective assessment? These questions are answered in the book by the historian and sinologist Alexander Yurkevich (the National Research University “Higher School of Economics”, Moscow). Judging from documents (some of them have never been known) the author shows why and how Moscow’s assistance to the Guomindang in the 1920’s with advisers, finance and material supplies did not become an instrument of the Moscow plans in China, but rather helped the Guomindang undermine these plans and form its own strategy of the unification of China.
This book will help specialists in social history, students and general readers interested in the history of China and Russia learn more about the subject.
The collection includes the articles by the orientalists of Russia and France which are devotes to the different aspects of the evolution of Chinese and Japanese studies in these countries nowadays and in the past, and to the problems of interaction between Russian and French traditions of oriental studies as well.
Ce recueil inclut des articles d’orientalistes russes et français consacrés à différents aspects du développement des recherches sinologiques et japonologiques anciennes et contemporaines dans les deux pays, ainsi qu’à l’histoire de l’interaction des traditions sinologiques russes et françaises.
The book discusses the various aspects of the theory, methodology and history of professional groups studies and professional cultures in Russia and abroad. Special attention is paid to the establishment of sociology of professions as an independent sociological discipline in the Soviet and post-Soviet Russia. Also, a classification of the main theoretical trends in sociology classes and professions, including classical and modern ideas and theories about various aspects of professionalism - the role of special knowledge, methods of internal self-organization of communities, professional culture and the broader institutional and social context. The book contains the results of empirical studies of copyright occupations and professions, including engineering plant workers, engineers, tennis players, professionals and academic sociologists working the field of public opinion research. For social scientists, university professors and students of sociological specialties, as well as for all interested in the history and sociology theory, and the sociology of occupations and professions.
The army which enabled China to be united under the flags of Kuomintang party in 1928, the most prominent representatives of the military and political elites of Kuomintang and the Communist party of China; fractions and influential groups, intelligence organizations, propaganda apparatus, mass public organisations, a complex web of professional, party and "informal" networking between the representatives of rival political forces - all of those were brought about by the officer school known as Huangpu, established in 1924 by Chinese revolutionaries with a financial and organizational support from Moscow. The book is meant for social scientists, students studying social sciences and a wide range of readers interested in history.
The manual containes sistematic information on content and succession of student's researchs. This information must assist the students being specialized in humanities and social sciences to understand the logic of research as a process, the relationship between its stages, its universal algorythm and regularity, to fulfil and to arrange their research projects correctly. The text includes the examples of definitions and formulations which determine the main characteristics of the research. In supplement the author propose questions and tests for the students' knowledge control. For students and lecturers of the institutions of higher education.