Отголосок прошедшего в будущем
An attempt of research of a ratio of the theory and practice in François Guizot scientific and public work is undertaken in this article. Guizot is the central figure of the French liberalism of the first half of the XIX century. The theory and practice of this thinker synthesized liberalism and conservatism.
The author argues on expediency and mutual conditionality of evolutionary changes in the nature and in society. In the article three major factors of the evolution are allocated, namely: the accident, the factor of coincidence of circumstances and the factor of acceleration of social evolution.
Phenomenology, that is the description of observed phenomena, is absolutely insufficient for a profound comprehension of global processes, so one needs some explanatory theories. The present article offers such a new explanatory concept useful for analyzing causes and trends of global shifts in historical process – the theory of production revolutions. The author reveals possibilities of using this theory to explain the logic of interaction between technological macroshifts, significant changes in social structure and qualitative growth of processes' scale (globality), connections and phenomena within the World System. Much attention is paid to the interrelation between the effects of the latest (information-scientific) revolution and globalization processes. Some forecasts for the future are made basing on the theory of production revolutions