Innovations in Information and Communication Science and Technology - 3rd Postgraduate Consortsium International Workshop IICST 2013
The 3rd Postgraduate Consortsium International Workshop IICST 2013 was organized by following members, with support from TUSUR University, Russia, and Ritsumeikan University, Japan.
In this article we report some new experiments in the area of words clustering for the Russian language. We introduce a new clustering method that distributes words into classes according to their syntactic relations. We used a large untagged corpus (about 7,2 bln of words) to collect a set of such relations. The corpus was processed using a set of finite state automata that extracts syntactically dependent combinations having explicit structure. These automata were used to process only unambiguous text fragments because of combination of these techniques increases the quality of sampled input data. The modification of group average agglomerative clustering was used to separate words between clusters. The sampled set of clusters was tested using one of the semantic dictionaries of the Russian language. The NMI score calculated in this article is equal to 0.457 and F1-score is 0.607.
Implementation of IT and program projects seems to be very complicated and taught process, associated with many uncertainties and risks. Sure, this does not mean the rejection of such projects, supposed the more responsibility for the decision making process of new information technologies implementation. To manage various problems which face project managers, it makes sense to use special risk management software. The functionality of modern risk management systems allows identifying risk occurrence, conducting scenario modeling, take the more appropriate managing decisions based on scenario analysis and mathematical calculations. All these functionality will support project manager to optimize his business activities in accordance to risk management practices and ensure better coordination and balance inside the project team. Currently there available a wide range of project management software, but it is reasonable to conduct some analysis in terms of applicability to specific IT projects. The author will review the most appropriate software solutions for the risk management in IT area, conduct competitive analysis and provide some recommendations on software selection.
The International Conference on Information Technology and Quantitative Management is a global forum for exchanging research results and case studies that bridge the latest information technology and quantitative management techniques. It explores how the use of information technology to improve quantitative management techniques and how the development of management tools can reshape the development of information technology.
Legal basis for expert activities is developing in Russia. Concepts of the development of the civil law legislation and information society, regulations for strategic management have given a new impulse to it. Expert procedures are shifting to network space. Their quality and efficiency are increasing due to the usage of Intelligent Information Technology and situation centers.
The book presents the developments directions and researches within the framework of scientific schools of the Institute of Computer Technologies of MESI. It provides the concept of modern information systems architecture and the structure of information space; done the classification of information technologies. Considered the features of constructions of Business Process Management (BPM), Information Management Systems (ERP), Decision Support Systems (DSS). The book defines the theoretical foundations of algorithmization and programming with help of algorithmic languages, the theory of graphs and program synthesis. It presents safety factors and economic aspects of software development. It provides the methods and environments of information infrastructure management based on COBIT, ITIL, clouding computing. The methodology of economic efficiency of information systems and nets and information securities requirements are described. The book formulates conceptual foundations of information systems and data bases design, it presents the analysis of methodologies of information systems modeling.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.