Diritto romano e attualità. La terminologia giuridica nel diritto processuale romano e moderno: la decisione giudiziaria e la sua esecuzione. Atti del VII seminario internazionale in onore di Hans Ankum. Praga, 3 - 5 ottobre 2011
acts of regular international seminar of Roman Law, gone in Praga, 3-5 october 2011.
This article is dedicated to the II Council of Seville (A.D. 619) and its decisions. This Council was presided over famous Isidore of Seville, a great expert of Classical culture and in particolary in Roman law. Thanks to Isidore the canons of its Council were influenced by the norm of Theodosian Code. In that way the Roman Law became a base of the Canonical Law.
This article is based on the sample of 10 000 decisions of Russian criminal courts and series of expert interviews with judges, investigators, prosecutors and attorneys. In the text, I analyze the probability of pretrial detention and the influence of this decision on the following court behavior. Empirical data is the simple random sample from the decisions published on the websites of Russian district courts (the main level in the system of Russian criminal justice) during 2011. There are two groups of questions in the world scholarly discussion. The first group is bound up with the role of various strongly extralegal (like a gender and a race) and semi-extralegal (like a socioeconomic status and an educational level) characteristics of the defendant in the decision about pretrial detention or release. The second group deals with the effects of pretrial detention on other court decisions (dismissing of the case, the type of punishment and the length of incarceration). These questions are resolved in this article using regression models. The probability of pretrial detention in Russia is statistically significantly higher for unemployed defendants and defendants with informal criminal records. The fact of pretrial detention is closely associated with the probability of case dismissal. The defendants who are detained before trial have less probability of case dismissal. In addition, pretrial detention increases the probability of incarceration as a form of punishment. The linear influence of the pretrial detention on the length of incarceration is not statistically significant.
Nella letteratura storico-giuridica dedicata al problema della sentenza giudiziaria pronunciata sulla base delle prove false (e, in senso piu ampio, alla problematica del processo civile romano) esiste l’opinione che tale sentenza deve essere pronunciata falsa ipso iure. Quest’opinione se basa sulla serie degli frammenti del Digesto e del Codice Giustiniano (frammento D.42.1.33, e il titolo С.7.58 completamente). Nel questo articolo il autore prova che la posizione citata se basa piuttosto sulla dottrina cinquecentesca (più concreto sul testo di Cuiacio) che sugli argomenti romani.
Nel sua Recitatio al Codice Cuiacio parla che nel frammenti menzionati se tratta della nullità della sentenza ipso iure e critica l’opinione della glossa secondo la quale tale sentenza dev’essere restituita in integro. Nel articolo se analizzano i quattro frammenti citati del Codice e del Digesto e se mostra che il legislatore romano parlava giustamente della restituzione della sentenza, i.e., affermava non la nullità della ma la sua Anfechtbarkeit. Esaminando la tradizione medievale se puo vedere che soltanto il Placentino affirmava la nullità ipso iure della sentenza basata sulle prove false, mentre tutti i altri, incluso Azo, Accursio, Bartolo e Baldo se attenevano alla posizione della Anfechtbarkeit della sentenza menzionata.
Tuttavia per fare le conclusioni piu fondate ha bisogna di analizzare i altri fonti degli adepti di mos gallicus, tali, come Zasio, Donnello etc.
An opinion exist that collective labor disputes and strikes are rare in Russia, and therefore the discussion on mechanisms and problems of their use is not actual. This conclusion is based on official statistics. Research of practical implementation of collective labor disputes, practice of their permission, judicial practice shows that the number of situations in which the procedure of collective labor disputes and strikes should be used is sufficient. However, participants of conflicts refuse to use legislative norms and use forms of resolution of conflicts, not regulated by law. The chapter examines the prevalence of collective labor disputes and strikes and other forms of collective labor conflicts in Russia on the basis of official state data and data of monitoring, conducted by non-governmental organizations. Further we examined the reasons of low popularity of use of procedures of collective labor disputes regulation. In the third part of the article the role played by the courts is examined. Their jurisprudence strongly determines the situation that procedures for collective labor disputes resolution and strikes are less suitable for use in practice by workers to address the problems they face.
The article is devoted to the academic biography of Jose Maria Coma Fort, one of the most the eminent Spanish historians of Roman Law (1969–2015). Particular attention is paid to his investigation of the manuscript and early print tradition of the Theodosian Code. It seems possible to affi rm that two last monographs of Coma Fort (2008 and 2014) should be considered as necessary steps to the publication of a new critical edition of the Theodosian Code. This edition, however, was not published due to the unexpected death of Coma Fort.
In the article was analyzed the Lorenzo Valla’s attempt to apply the methods of the philological criticism to the juridical texts. I am showing that the humanist method used by Valla was inadequate for this purpose and that the famous humanist had used the illegitimate arguments proving his position.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/