Новый курс или кривая дорожка? Как экономическая политика Ф. Рузвельта продлила Великую депрессию. Пер. с английского
The monograph analyses both the Great Depression as "the black years" of capitalist world-system and alternative ways out the greatest crisis of the capitalist economy. Authors give main attention F.D. Roosevelt's "New Deal" as the Great Reform in USA but they considers also alternative European ways out the Great Depression (fascism versus liberalism corrected). A special attention is dedicated to mutual influence of Soviet and American economies during socialist industrialisation and "New Deal".
Chapters analyses the making of national models of Welfare State as a responce to challenges of the Great Depression and the Second World War. A special attention is dedicated to the British "new liberalism" inspired by J.M.Keynes and W.H.Beveridge as well as the Swedish social-democratic Folkhemmet. The macroeconomic bases of USA development after F.D. Roosevelt's reform are considered separately. Scientific and techical, agricultural and military-industrial aspects of USA's leadership in the capitalist world-system are characterized.
This review deals with new book of journalist and writer Andrei Ostalski “The Saviour of Capitalism. John Maynard Keynes and His Cross” published by Palmira publishing house. The book is intended primarily for the mass reader. The author does not compete with the dozens of studies on great economist written by professionals and designed for professionals. He tries in simple words and a fun way to provide the reader without economic background with the essence of Keynesian theory, with its critics and antagonists, as well as with the place that theoretical heritage of John Maynard Keynes takes in the contemporary battle of ideas. The reviewer believe that A.Ostalski successfully coped with the task and his book certainly will find its reader.
The paper examines international experience in the area of program evaluation from the perspective of its relevance to the development of evaluation methodologies to gauge the effectiveness of NGO support programs in Russia. We find that given a universal nature of international program evaluation regulatory acts, it is possible to harmonize the approaches to program evaluation evolving in this country with the relevant policies, standards, principles and criteria for program evaluation designed by government agencies in the leading countries of the world as well as by international agencies with a solid evaluation background. The research points out the expediency of gauging the effectiveness of Russian federal and municipal NGO support programs at various stages of their life cycle.
Economic crisis in globalized world made inevitable forging of a system of governance which would prevent the international community from large scale upheavals in future. The 2008-2009 summits of G-20 gave hope of a possibility to form a global political leadership. So far the system of international governance is being mapped up and appears in the form of a triangle with UN, G-20 and the most influential international institutions (WTO, IMF, MB) as its three facets.
The article shows the need for a fundamentally new mechanism for
managing the development of labor potential of the innovation economy. The author describes the innovative labor potential which is based on scientific and human resources, and reveals the innovative features of β-labor, and determines the specificity of creative abilities of the individual. The article emphasizes the importance of the institutional environment for the development of innovative labor potential. In particular the author concerns such an efficient organizational form as a scientific and educational center.
A retrospective analysis of the scientific-educational centers formed on the basis of the Program “Fundamental Research and Education” as well as analysis of scientific and educational centers supported by the Federal Target Program “Research and scientific-pedagogical cadres of Innovative Russia” for 2009–2013 were represented. Based on the South Korean model of integration of science, education and industry in the preparation of innovative personnel (in the Korean Polytechnic University) the author provides advice on effective use of foreign experience of training innovative personnel in the implementation of competency approach to education in scientific-educational centers.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.