Политические системы современных государств
The various aspects of the relationship between Russia and the United States, Russia and countries of the European Union in the context of the Syrian crisis are analyzed. The role of international institutions (UN, NATO, EU) in conflict transformation process examined. Particular attention is paid to the prospects of cooperation between Russia and the West to repel the threat posed by the ISIL.
The magazine analyses processes, defining the present and future of European continent, the perspectives of the European project, in the circumstances of geopolitical uncertainty, the evolution of a modern system of European security, exacerbating external and internal contradictions, military-political and economic problems in Transatlantic relations.
European countries are culturally close, still showing great variance in political participation rates as well as in predominant religions and state-church relations experience, what makes this region a good case for comparative research. Given this, it becomes important to study if members of different confessions differ in political participation rates, or the main cleavage lies between religious and non-religious people regardless of religious tradition? Does Orthodoxy really lead to lower levels of political participation or what we see is the effect of political regime or Communist legacy? Statistical analysis results suggest that regular attendance of religious services and praying does increase chances to participate in politics. This pattern holds for followers of all major European religious traditions and in countries with different predominant religions. On the other hand, most inter-confessional differences in political participation appear weak and unstable, while both belonging to an Orthodox religious tradition and living in a predominantly Orthodox state exert a stable and negative effect on political participation. Additional tests suggest that there is no difference in political participation between Orthodox Christians from predominantly Orthodox states and those where they form only a minority. Consequently, it is something in a religious tradition itself that decreases political participation.
The article presents the results of a comparative research of the severity of the problem of income inequality in the opinion of Russians, compared with opinions of the population of other European countries. The research is based on the data of the European Social Survey for 2008 and 2012. In order to solve the research tasks, the author analyzes the opinion of Russians about the level of income inequality in the country and carries out a cross-country comparative analysis of the degree of demands for the reduction of inequality. Special attention is paid to the analysis of socio-economic indicators that determined the difference between these demands in Russia and other European countries.
This article examines that all basic elements of a post-bipolar European system of collective security have been put to the test. This is largely due to the accumulation of a certain amount of “dysfunctions” and “threats” within the post-bipolar security system itself.