Молодежные движения и субкультуры Санкт-Петербурга (социологический и антропологический анализ)
The collapse of communism has opened up Russia and East-Central Europe to outside influences and enabled new lifestyle choices and forms of religious expression. Based on extensive ethnographic research, this collection uses a variety of theoretical perspectives and methodologies to examine some of the many subcultures and new religious movements that have emerged as part of this process, from members of utopian eco-communities, native-language hip-hoppers and nationalistic skinheads to various forms of Indian-inspired spirituality, neo-paganism and theosophy. Whether they reflect a growing sense of national or ethnic identity, the influence of globalization or a combination of the two, such groups highlight the challenge of creating a free, open and tolerant society in both Russia and new or prospective EU member states. The book seeks to contribute to academic and policy debates in this area by increasing understanding of the groups in question. The studies in this collection present selected findings from the three-year EU-funded project 'Society and Lifestyles: Towards Enhancing Social Harmonization through Knowledge of Subcultural Communities' (2006-2008), which included partners from a wide range of post-communist countries in Eastern Europe and from the UK.
The recent studies provide evidence, according to which Russian society has undergone significant change in the past 15-20 years. This change has, in the first place, affected the world perception of Russians, who face challenges and problems that are completely different from what they have been on the eve of this century. This has become clear in the end of 2008 - the beginning of 2009, not only because of the crisis, but also the exhaustiveness of many forms and methods of social organization of life, the degradation of democratic institutions, the reduction in social mobility rates and political activity of Russians. This article is based on the sociological studies of the Institute of Sociology of Russian Academy of Sciences, other sociological centers and is devoted to the analysis of the dynamics of social attitudes at this breaking stage in the history of Russia with its particular possibilities and threats.