Управление запасами в цепях поставок: Учебник
For problems of a choice of the best decision at stock management by many criteria, the illustration of phenomena of inadequate optimization in a format of traditional methods is given. Necessity of working out of new approaches to optimization is underlined to give the chance to the manager to eliminate such phenomena.
We describe vendor managed inventory concept of supply chain management. We propose the idea of using this metodology for the problem of motor fuel distribution from oil depots to filling gas oil stations. The advantages, risks and limitations of the concept introduction for this problem are shown.
For the first time the new approach to effective modification of traditional criteria of multi-criteria optimization in supply chain management and logistics systems is offered. The approach uses processes of analytical hierarchy. It is illustrated as expansion of toolkit of decision-making accessible to the manager, and opening possibilities of elimination of undesirable phenomena of an inadequate choice in a format of multi-criteria problems in logistics.
The authors propose new approach to self-organization of complex distributed systems in logistics. That approach is based on combination of multi-agent paradigm with constraint satisfaction techniques. The proposed solution expresses major features of Swarm Intelligence approach and replaces traditional stochastic adaptation of the swarm of the autonomous agents by constraint-driven adaptation.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.