Конфликты и компромиссы в истории мировых цивилизаций
The paper deals with an axiological dimension in discourse studies. It presents different theories of values in Russian and European scientific research, focuses on the heuristic potential of values and value studies for discourse analyses. Specifically, the two traditional strategies in political discourse, i.e. identification and out-casting, are analyzed vis-à-vis the category of value. It is contended that values are integrated in discourse, with ‘discourse’ construed as a ‘way of speaking which gives meaning to experiences from a particular perspective’. Values are defined as notions about ideal states of affairs tied to specific social practices as instantiated in their respective discourses in the abovementioned sense. These discourse-specific values, as common-sense, taken-for-granted, notions of excellence, control verbalization processes. An ‘out-group’ is thus always represented textually out of the discourse-driven system of values of an in-group. An in-group system of values pre-frames word choice, attitudes and evaluations in a text/texts, with an out-group system of values being automatically ruled out.
The book focuses on the analysis of political processes in South Korea since liberation from Japanese colonialism in August 1945 till an establishment of the Republic of Korea in August 1948. The political story of the era of liberation (1945-1948) figures as a period of tense sociopolitical standoff, which involved national groups and international forces. The political discussions over trusteeship regime, land issue, punishment of Korean collaborators, and other actual problems of the national development strengthen tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States after the World War II. The author attempts to define how South Korean political groups and international forces contributed to the tragic ending of the unfolding geopolitical conflict – a division of Korea into two independent states.
This paper is timed to the 150th anniversary of the abolition of serfdom in Russia and dedicated to the heritage of A.P. Shchapov (1831-1876) - one of the distinguished historians and public figures of the epoch of «great reforms» of 1860s, a creator of zemstvo-regional conception of Russian history, who contributed significantly to federalistic and local history thought.