Институциональный подход к разработке семейной политики
In the monograph a study of Association of the innovative nature of the economy, the quality of human resources and quality of life of the population. Important task of modern social practice is the construction of the model role of family in the formation of human capital in conditions of the modern innovative economy. It is important to observe the principle of social justice: equal starting opportunities for human development, conditions for a high degree of social mobility. The problems of family life, the role of family in the formation celoveceskoj capital, the importance of family policy. The research materials are teachers, students, practical workers in the social sphere, as well as readers interested in the problems of family policy.
The aim of this article is to analyze strategies of combining motherhood and employment. For this purpose the notion of work-family balance will be conceptualized. The author suggests that strategies of mixed professional and family duties is being constructed at the level of household and depends on available personal and family resources as well as individual choices of working adults. Because contemporary Russian family policy does not provide institutional supports for working parents to combine motherhood and employment. Working mothers are in search of family-work balance, because child care is the main women responsibilities. Motherhood is still a crucial part of life project for Russian women.
The article deals with comparative analysis of family policies towards fatherhood. The author analyzes how family policy in different countries is a mens friendly. Contemporary family policies in different Western European countries include a specific set of support, addressed to father after the child birth. A leave to care for the child is an example which shows that the family policy creates different models of fatherhood. In conclusion the author argues that gender-based analysis of family policy, along with the study of the position of women with children should include fathers who have certain rights and responsibilities.