«Море – наше поле». Количественные исследования рыбных промыслов Белого и Баренцева морей, XVII – начало XX в. (Материалы к экологической истории Русского Севера / Вып. 1)
This chapter describes the crucial role that the circulation of knowledge between the Nordic countries and Russia has played in understanding spatial and temporal distribution patterns for valuable fish resources in the Barents Sea. It shows the importance of the Nordiccountries to the establishment of marine and fisheries studies, especially Norway – with its pioneering Bergen School, which led to the formation of modern meteorology and oceanography. This story covers a long period, from the formation of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) on the eve of the 20th century to the establishment of the Joint Norwegian-Russian Fisheries Commission in 1976. This chapter is based on documents from Russian and Scandinavian archives and on sources published in Russian that are little known internationally.
The author analyzes the system economic model being a basis for making perspective strategic decisions in the fishery complex. These decisions are meant to fund the transition of the Russian fishery complex from raw-resources export to the innovative way.
The author describes the economic model of repeated growth of productivity in fishery industry on the basis of so-called Dupont's formula. The investment tax credit is proposed as a financial lever to raise the efficiency of fishery activities, provided by the Russian legislation. Real premises are developed for pro-viding the appreciable structural changes in transition of the Russian fishery complex from export-raw to innovative type of development.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.