«Море – наше поле». Количественные исследования рыбных промыслов Белого и Баренцева морей, XVII – начало XX в. (Материалы к экологической истории Русского Севера / Вып. 1)
This chapter describes the crucial role that the circulation of knowledge between the Nordic countries and Russia has played in understanding spatial and temporal distribution patterns for valuable fish resources in the Barents Sea. It shows the importance of the Nordiccountries to the establishment of marine and fisheries studies, especially Norway – with its pioneering Bergen School, which led to the formation of modern meteorology and oceanography. This story covers a long period, from the formation of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) on the eve of the 20th century to the establishment of the Joint Norwegian-Russian Fisheries Commission in 1976. This chapter is based on documents from Russian and Scandinavian archives and on sources published in Russian that are little known internationally.
The author analyzes the system economic model being a basis for making perspective strategic decisions in the fishery complex. These decisions are meant to fund the transition of the Russian fishery complex from raw-resources export to the innovative way.
The book presents an analysis of the current state of the climate in the Barents Sea in 1979–2005. Using mathematical modeling for 2030–2039, 2050–2059, and 2090–2099. According to the global scenarios of climate change RCP4.5 and RCP8.5, a detailed comprehensive assessment of changes in the climatic parameters of the atmosphere and ocean is given. The most complete basic abiotic information was obtained to assess the impact of climate change on the ecosystems of the Barents Sea in the 21st century. For climatologists, geographers, biologists, as well as readers interested in the nature of the Barents Sea ecoregion and the prospects for its maintenance.
The author describes the economic model of repeated growth of productivity in fishery industry on the basis of so-called Dupont's formula. The investment tax credit is proposed as a financial lever to raise the efficiency of fishery activities, provided by the Russian legislation. Real premises are developed for pro-viding the appreciable structural changes in transition of the Russian fishery complex from export-raw to innovative type of development.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.