Актуальные вопросы конституционного правосудия
The book contains interventions on a conference held at the University of Aix-Marseille on the topic of control of constitutionality done by modern constitutional courts. It focuses on the issues of constitutional justice in France and East-European countries thus offering a comparative analysis of main problems and techniques. Among others, the issue of interaction of constitutional courts and external legal orders is dealt with, focusing on different approaches to this problem solution in these countries.
In promoting the universally recognized principle of equality and non-discrimination modern constitutional justice elaborates on the criteria of personal legal status admissible differentiation. Preferences given to some vulnerable groups of people in comparison with the majority may raise the issue of positive discrimination the origins and types of which are expounded in the article. The author gives a comparative analysis of different approaches to the issue in the practice of the Russian Constitutional Court, Supreme Court of the USA and the French Constitutional Council and shares her reflections on possible evolution of the problem.
The Russian Constitution reflects universally recognised consensus in the area of promoting the principle of equality and non-discrimination, enshrining main guarantees of equality of citizens regardless of their national and ethnic origins, gender, age, social and other status and other criteria. The Constitutional Court's case-law develops and clarifies these basic provisions enriching them by criteria of admissible differentiation of legal status. Preferences given to some vulnerable groups of people im comparison with the general group may raise the issue of positive discrimination the origins and types of which are expounded in the report. The analysis is given of main situations where the Russian Constitutional Court faced that issue and the evolution of its cas-law on the matter, especially in the light of the European Court of Human Rights' approaches.
В настоящей работе, также как и в двух, опубликованных ранее в настоящем издании, автор обращается к проблеме аналогии в конституционно судопроизводстве. При этом основной акцент делается на соотношении этого метода познании с иными, известными традиционной логике: дедукции и индукции. Одновременно устанавливается его место в российской конституционно-судебной практике в сравнении с англо-американской и континентально-европейской.
The article focuses on recent developments in Russian Constitutional Court's powers to control enforceability of suprantational courts' judgments. The author gives a general overview of relations between the Russian legal system and external legal orders, background of interaction with the system of the European Convention on Human Rights and offers an analysis of main techniques and methods used by the Russian Constitutional Court in this regards and perspectives of their evolution.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/