Концепции социально-экономического развития предприятий, отраслей, комплексов
Set out the nature, functions and characteristics of finance of commercial organizations, their goals and objectives in supporting the activities of economic entities with financial resources, the organization of financial activities, sources of financing of commercial organizations, as well as the organization's financial planning. reflected such important areas of financial activity, as planning for the cost, revenue and profit of organizations, the organization of fixed and current assets, especially the organization of finance in different commercial organizations of the most important economic activities.
This article is about improving budgeting system in companies by means of a new method based on the concept of managed impacts which use project management tools. This concept divides planning into two stages: making general forecast and making set of managed impacts. Each managed impact is determined by some changes of budget’s parameters and a percentage change of a target parameter to its forecast level. All the managed impacts form project of managed impacts. And this project should take the place of master budget. This method can solve such budgeting’s problems as: flexible adaptation of the master budget to new conditions, difficulties to see the strategy and aims of company in budgets etc.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.