Основные направления современной психотерапии
The article deals with the relationship between person-centered psychotherapy and politics
To date there are studies on psychological well-being, however the problem of men's attitude toward psychological help still not investigated enough. In the Russian science this problem has not been examined at all. This article first presents the results of the research of the men's attitude to- 163 ward psychological help on the Russian sample. To reach the purposes of the study, the total sample (N = 271, aged 18 to 63, Median = 26, SD = 9) was divided into the main sample of men (N = 148, aged 19 to 63, Median = 30, SD = 9) and into the control sample of women (N = 123, aged 18 to 62, Median = 24, SD = 8). With the aid of the scale of attitude toward psychotherapy was revealed a significant (p = .000) difference between the men's attitude toward psychotherapy (51.96) and women's attitude (59.14) by comparison the means of the t-Student's test. Correlations of the men's attitude to psychotherapy with masculinity, femininity and fully functioning (according to C. Rogers) also were investigated. Additionally, with the help of the t-Student's test, the correlations of the mean values of attitude toward psychotherapy, masculinity and femininity were analyzed in the presence and absence of experience of psychological help-seeking. The analysis of the obtained results allows to state that the men’s attitude to psychotherapy is a complex multifaceted phenomenon. Its study is relevant and requires using of well-thought-out and sensitive methods.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.