Европейская интеграция: учебник
The paper describes the principle of the EU decision-making process as a unique mechanism of the European integration. The latter is of fundamental importance for the overall European Union structure functioning. Author reviews main achievements recently made by EU in the area of development and improvement of the EU decision-making mechanism. The EU decision-making process and its different structural elements can be applied to a range of fields such as economy and policy, science and education, and even to the everyday communication interpersonal practices. The paper reveals the main procedures and stages of the EU policy-making process aimed to meet interests of different countries with a different political weight. Focusing on the main functions and responsibilities of the European Council and Parliament and European Commission author illustrates his thoughts and conclusions with a variety of examples of policy-making process across European Union.
The article introduce translation of John Rawls's research "The Law of Peoples". This lection was written in 1993 and has not been translated into Russian before. This article analyses the conception of international justice extended by Rawls considering its terminology, methodology and basic points. International justice is explored in correlation with rawlsian fundamental theory of justice. But through the special scope conception of international justice based on liberal values goes beyond liberal societies and gives a framework for transformation of international law and policy.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
The arcticles included in this collection summarize the results of the second stage of international project devoted to history and contemporary state of relations between nieghbouring states, peoples and cultures.