Россия: стратегия для нового мира. Сборник докладов Международного дискуссионного клуба "Валдай"
Over the past almost two years, the U.S.-Russia relations have markedly improved. The “reset” of relations proposed by the Barack Obama administration has been a success. The threat of a retreat to a systemic confrontation has almost disappeared. Many of the conflicts between the two countries have been either resolved or, for the most part, reduced to a “smoldering” state. Both Russia and the United States display pragmatism by lowering the importance of persisting conflicts over the benefits of cooperation. For the first time in the post-Soviet period, the U.S. has partially revised its position on Russia-related issues and its interests with regard to Russia for the sake of getting Moscow’s support in matters of interest to Washington. Unlike the previous rounds, the current improvement of the U.S.-Russia relations rests on a more solid foundation – namely, a clear and pragmatic understanding by the parties of their interests and of the importance of constructive mutual relations for their implementation.
There have been at least two opportunities in the past two decades (in 1991–1994 and in the early 2000s) to merge the two main parts of modern Europe — Russia and the European Union — into a single community, and make Russia a full-fledged participant in the Euro-Atlantic military and political space. It would have enabled other European states to join it, thus shaping an extensive zone of common human, economic and energy interests, coordinated foreign and defense policies, and a joint strategy with respect to the foreign countries outside that community.
The U.S.-Russia relations have markedly improved over the past two years. However, the U.S.-Russia relations have not yet reached a state of stable partnership; they remain fragile and are prone to many risks of both home- and foreign-policy nature.