Южно-Китайское море: безопасность и развитие
A collection of papers of the international conference “Security and Cooperation in the South China Sea” incorporates the presentations of its participants – the most prominent and authoritative world-class specialists from the United States, Japan, India, Australia, the European Union and Russia who have long been studying the problems of this region. They examine the situation in Southeast Asia and the South China Sea from variousstandpoints, analyse the history of the conflict, its juridical and political aspects, and the involvement of great powers therein. The common element that unites the texts offered to the reader is the authors’ desire to find the mostoptimal ways to resolve the dangerous standoff, to make available for the governments of the countries of the region a sort of a “roadmap” to a world of stability and cooperation.
The given book constitutes of articles represented on the II international conference "Security and Cooperation in the South China Sea: Actual Problems and Conflict Regulation." held in the Institute of Institute of Oriental Studies of RAS on the 18th of June, 2015.
The chapter is related to the report represented on the conference and connected with maritime security and providing stability in Asia-Pacific region
The “International Conference on East Sea Disputes” is a two-day international conference on an issue of great regional and international importance at the main campus of Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, July 25-26, 2014
The East Sea is the world’s second busiest sea-lane through which more than half of the world’s super tankers and $5.3 trillion in annual trade pass. In recent years, conflict over maritime boundaries and attempts to unilaterally impose territorial claims have caused tension, threatened regional peace, maritime security and freedom of navigation, and affected the livelihood of thousands of fishermen in their traditional fishing area. Failure to reduce tension and manage conflict may lead to skirmishes and wars. It is important to find ways to peacefully manage conflict and resolve disputes based on international law and diplomacy. The focus of the conference is not on the conflict itself, but on how to manage conflict and resolve disputes without the use of force or threat of use of force, and protect the right of fishermen to continue fishing in their traditional fishing area.
The proceedings include selected and unedited papers of scholars and experts dealing with different aspects of the conference’s focus. This collection of papers provides an easy reference for participants to follow and participate in the discussions at the conference. It is hope that, in its rough draft, it could also be useful to those whose are interested in the East Sea disputes.
The South China Sea has traditionally been an area where the key strategic interests of the most influential Asia-Pacific powers are focused and intertwined. Currently, the scenario that the issue will rise in the priorities of these powers and acquire a global dimension looks highly probable.
Over recent years, the South China Sea has lived up to its reputation as one of the hotbeds of instability of Asia Pacific. However, in 2002 China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) signed the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea. This document regulates the policy of the countries that claim the disputed territories. One of its provisions envisages the development of a code of conduct for the South China Sea, which will determine the final parameters for settling the dispute. Currently ASEAN wishes to speed up the replacement of the 2002 Declaration by the Code. Will the Association be able to carry out this design?
Not one generation of researchers focusing on the South China Sea issue has come to disappoinment while their proposals on cooperation were facing harsh reality. At present, prospects for cooperation are undermined not only by the unresolved problems, but also by serious internal imbalances ripening in the issue.
At the current stage of the evolution og the South China Sea issue, the key prerequisite to keep it in a relative stable, manageable state means to strengthen the overall cooperative mileu in Asia-Pacific. This can be done by Russia, an emerging regional power interested in strengthening peace and security in Asia-Pacific and the South China Sea and maintaining enough policy instruments to effectively cope with this task.
The paper is devided into three parts. Part one addresses the key imbalances in the South China Sea issue. Part two gives insights into priorities, directions and instruments of Russia's Asia-Pacific policy. Part Three Russia's potential and possibilities in influence upon the South China Seaa issue. The conclusion summirizes the foregoing analysis.