Проблемы малого и среднего предпринимательства России. Материалы всероссийской научно-практической конференции. 4-5 октября 2012 г.
The article estimates Trends and factors of small business development in Russiawere analyzed in the article. By means of multivariate statistical procedures the RF regions were classified by groups, which differ in common features and problems in the development of small entrepreneurship. The results of the study show that the program to support and stimulate small business should take into account the existing cluster structure and the revealed factors.
There has been growing concern in the literature about the heterogeneity of modern self-employment. This paper adds to this on-going discussion by investigating the association between different types of self-employed and their characteristics. Our empirical data was collected by means of a standardized online survey, which was conducted in Russia. А Russian-language web questionnaire was hosted on FL.ru, the largest website for Russian-speaking freelancers. It included about 40 items covering a wide range of work and life topics. The survey started on December 12, 2013. Over 8 weeks 16,019 questionnaires were received. For this particular study we excluded from the dataset former freelancers and freelancers who had not yet acquired a contract, and our final sample of current active freelancers included 10,574 respondents. We construct a typology of freelancers which overcomes the limitations of typologies based solely on the current employment status of individuals. To construct these work trajectories we used two main questions: 1. What is your current employment status? 2. What is you vision of your work future in the next five years? Do you believe, you will continue this career, and if so, in what status? At each level we distinguished three employment statuses – “moonlighters” (people who combine freelance with regular employment); “entrepreneurs” (people who run their own business with hired employees besides freelancing); and “genuine freelancers” (people without any alternate sources of income). Combining these two questions allowed us to create a set of nine logically possible types of work trajectories, which were further divided into two classes. The first class includes three groups of professionals who want to maintain their current status in the future and continue as genuine freelancers, entrepreneurs or moonlighters. The second class includes six groups of professionals who are unsatisfied with their current status, willing or planning to change it in the near future. In this paper we further investigate these two groupings with regard to their entrepreneurial capacity and employment prospects.
This article proposes some analytical and methodological solutions to study the dynamics of retail business development, based on the results of business tendencies surveys. The following business conditions indicators were developed and tested: Retail Market Indicator (RMI) and Retail Business Potential Indicator (RBPI). The proposed indicators are aimed at quickly identifying current tendencies in the retail business, which, together with the quantitative parameters of the market, increase the scale of representation of the actual and expected phase of economic development of trade and the associated consumer market. The technique was tested to measure the business conditions of Russian organizations in the retail business, over the period 2005-2018. In this study, it was shown that RMI and RBPI are aggregated characteristics of business conditions that can warn about turning points of the business cycle. In addition, based on the decomposition of their dynamics, a tracer of cyclical profiles of indicators, which increases the visualization of industry tendencies, was built and the development of entrepreneurship at different stages of the business cycle was analysed. The results of this study show as the proposed methodology and statistical tools can give a significant contribution to the improvement of the existing techniques on industrial processes’ monitoring.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.