Стратегия развития логистической инфраструктуры в транспортном комплексе России
The article analyzes the structure of trade flows, transport and logistics infrastructure and discussed the prospects of development of regional logistics system
Problems of international and global sciense, economics of sciense, innovation and sciense polysies.
Logistics infrastructure development drives the national welfare growth. Transportation plays a significant role in logistics infrastructure as it helps to realize one of the main logistics functions – management of material flow between two different points. Taking into consideration the length of Russian Federation as well as variety of climatic and natural conditions, it is obvious that railway prevails as it is unaffected by external impact and has several economic advantages over other modes of transport. The article demonstrates the need for speedy execution of the project well known as Northern Latitudinal Railway. Moreover it is investigated general socioeconomic and logistics consequences of appearance of Transpolar alternative to Trans-Siberian Railway.
The report is devoted to comprehensive research in the field of strategic planning, logistics infrastructure in to ensure the implementation of export-import and transit potential of Russia in the global system of international transport corridors (ITC). Particularly attention spares to the place and the role of the Russian Transportations Ministry and the Russian Rail-way joint stock company in the investment projects realization, also to the problems of the logistics infrastructure development in sea ports and multimodal transport junctions for example North-East and Moscow regions.
The main objective of the guidebook is to examine financial instruments available within the Northern Dimension area for financing projects of cross-border transport and logistics infrastructure and to develop guidelines for co-financing mechanism. The gudelines assist the members, project managers and project promoters of the Northern Dimension Partnership on Transport and Logistics in applying the financial instruments that pull together the EU and national public and private funding, and to increase the successful implementation of the projects.
The chapter explores financial instruments and models that can be used to fund projects concerning the development of logistics infrastrucure in Russia. The authors review such sources as Investment fund of the Russian Federation, regional investment and road funds, funds of the EU and international financial institutions, private investment as well as special preparation funds. Different kinds of public-private partnership with reference to the logistics infrastructure projects are described and thoroughly analyzed.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.