Питание человека как фактор его развития и социальной адаптации (анализ состояния и проблемы)
This article is a publication of the documents of the first decades of Soviet history from the State archive of the Russian Federation and the Russian state archive of economy, with the author's comments and introduction. the Submitted documents used to reconstruct different aspects of survival of the population in conditions of war communism and the new economic policy.
In the article the phenomenon of the hungry years considered in the context of the history of everyday life. In this case we are talking about the so-called "normal exceptions"that is very common in the Russian history of the situation, when in the conditions of emergency social norms and anomalies are reversed. One of the most vivid examples of such extreme situation is famine of 1921-1922, closely connected with the problem of adaptation (more precisely, survival) the mass of the population of Russia. The behavior of individuals and groups in the period of "Holodomor" you can understand, proceeding not only from the obvious vital motivation, but also of their mentality and life experience. The author concludes that hunger is not only weakened the viability of the survivors, but also dramatically changed the mentality and behavior of Russian citizens, especially the younger generation: a moral and social degradation, which was manifested in the rising crime, extortion and bribery.
The reducing food marketing to children was suggested as one of means for solving the global problems of childhood obesity and other social, legal, financial and public problems. Scientific documents of food marketing to children is: a) massive; b) expanding in number of venues (video games, the Internet, cell phones); c) almost fully composed of food that is nutrient-poor and calorie-dense; d) having harmful effects; e) beginning to have the more global influence and so is hardly regulated. The food industry, government and advocacy groups have proposed a variety of plans to change the marketing situation. This article reviews existing knowledge about marketing influence and the value of different legal, legislative, regulatory and industry-based approaches to change.