21世纪周恩来研究的新视角[New Look at Zhou Enlai Studies in the 21st Century]
The article considers similarities and differences between China's and the Soviet Union's approaches to the post-war international orger.
The collection of papers includes the articles, which examine some of the most actual problems of the modern Chinese studies. Among these problems are the connections between our two contries in the period, when the Chinese Communist Party came to power, and on the modern stage, the problems of formation and development of Chinese "global cities", the development of the law in the PRC, the history of the Guomindang, history and modern condition of the Chinese armed forces.
The authors argue that Russian-Chinese rapprochement is a fundamental feature of the current changing system of international relations. The two countries are effectively enabling each other to conduct independent foreign policies often in direct opposition to the West. There is a degree of complementarity between the two sides with Russia having comparative advantage in the military, intelligence and diplomatic fi elds and China being an economic superpower. The region of Central Asia which, as some Western authors have expected, could become the hotpoint of the RussianChinese rivalry. Yet in reality it became the cradle of the two countries’ cooperation which is now affecting a wide range of international issues. Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) has emerged as the main platform for Russian-Chinese cooperation in Central Asia. After India and Pakistan joined the SCO in 2017 it is evolving into a mechanism of RussianChinese cooperation not only in Central Asia but in the IndoPacifi c as a whole. The Korean peninsula is another important area of coordination between Moscow and Beijing in the AsiaPacifi c. Russia and China have also been working on increasing interoperability of their military forces in the region since mid 2000s. Technically they have already done a great job for preparing ground for a military alliance. However, politically they do not appear to be ready for that yet.
In the next issue of the year-book "Zapad-Vostok-Rossiya" the main tendencies, processes and the most significant events in relationship of the countries of the Center, the Periphery and Poluperiferiya, including positions and the interests of Russia in this interaction are presented, as before. The main subjects of a panorama of 2017 – change in policy of the countries of the western coalition led by the USA (including, in relation to Russia), problems of BRICS and the former Soviet Union, a situation in Syria and other hot spots in the Middle East, etc. These and other subjects are considered both in global, and in regional measurement (Southeast Asia, East Asia, Latin America, Africa). As always, there are sections on world economy, ecology, information on new books.
Fast-paced urban growth in China has produced a specific, transient form of urban periphery, which continuously shifts outwards as the city expands. Seeing this process as a distinctive type of (sub)urbanization, this paper encapsulates it under the notion of edge-urbanization. The paper argues that edge-urbanization in China is fueled by deliberate government policies, which seek to mobilize peripheral land for high-growth strategies. The relationships between urban expansions and spatial economic policy are analyzed more closely in the case of Tianjin. Geospatial analysis derived from satellite imagery for the period of 1980–2015 reveals the morphological and temporal dynamics of urban growth in the post-reform era. Built-up land in Tianjin has expanded 1.8 times during this period, with the dominant growth type being edge-expansion. This character of urban expansion is shown to be closely associated with government’s “project fever”—setting up development zones and new economic activity on city edge. The results demonstrate a decisive role of the state in shaping (edge) urbanization in China’s major cities.
The ninth volume of the "History of China from ancient times to the beginning of the XXI century" is devoted to the latest period of China's history from the end of the "cultural revolution" to the 60th anniversary of the people's Republic of China. For the first time in the domestic scientific literature presents a comprehensive study of the history of China during the reform period, covering domestic politics, law, government, economy, international relations and culture. The sections of the volume consider in detail the evolution of the ideology of the CPC, the formation of an economic course to build a socialist commodity and then a market economy, the creation of new political mechanisms, the issues of party building, China's relations with the world's leading powers. Separate sections are devoted to the state of religions, the development of culture, science and sports, the 2008 Olympics in Beijing. It includes biographical references of prominent political figures of the CPC and China, chronicle of events (1976 – 2009), index of names and selected bibliography. The book is intended for Orientalists, students and graduate students studying the problems of China and East Asia, as well as a wide range of readers interested in the history of China.
This book explores the implications of talent management in four practical settings across the globe. Focusing on countries in the Asia-Pacific region, Central and Eastern Europe, Latin America and within the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the authors illustrate how multinational corporations (MNCs) can benefit from talent management practices and as a result, develop a strategy of organizational leadership. Offering empirical examples from each region, this book examines how economic and cultural contexts influence talent management. Talent Management in Global Organizations discusses successful cases in different cross-cultural settings, and aims to inspire companies around the world to develop and implement talent management practices effectively.
In the emerging system of Greater Eurasia, the states will not be tied by alliance relations, as are the United States and its European satellites. Some of them may turn to different centers of power; however, on the whole, they will form a unity, brought together by core interests. Precisely, this kind of democratic unity of Greater Europe could not be established by the United States and its allies. Attempting to subordinate every state to their dictates, they have united allies from most of Eastern Europe but lost Russia and Central Asia and are increasingly antagonizing China and India, forcing them to draw closer to each other even in spite of significant contradictions. Only the future will tell who will succeed and who will not.
Informal relations (guanxi) are an integral part of the Chinese society. Despite globalization in cultural and spiritual sense, China differs significantly from Europe and America. Sometimes in the modern Chinese society this kind of relations is perceived negatively meaning corruption and bribery. In the first half of the XX century corruption and the inefficient system of state administration made a social-economic situation in the country worse and led to the downfall of the Qing dynasty. Having come into power the Communist Party of China tried to destroy the traditional Chinese family and the system of relations but after the beginning of the policy of reforms and openness in 1978 this system of relations became needed again. The goal of the article is to show the main differences between corruption and guanxi. For better understanding the author gives examples, which show clearly, what informal relations in the People’s Republic of China are.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.