Реализация муниципальных стратегий. Системный подход и государственно-муниципальное партнерство
The paper states that the most urgent problem of the Russian manufacturing enterprises in pharmaceutical industry is to ensure their competitiveness. In the framework of systemic analysis methodology competitiveness management of pharmaceutical enterprises can be presented as a difficult multilevel administrative system. Presentation of competitiveness management as a system allows to identify its basic elements, to define their internal and external interrelations with the business environment and to use as a tool for practical application.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.