Инновационные технологии современного офиса (облачные вычисления)
The use of cloud computing to ensure interaction between the state and citizens allows to speed up information interaction, to realize state services, to reduce the costs of providing such interaction, but at the same time this interaction raises important questions about the reliability of the cloud provider and security of interaction. Providers of the cloud can be both public authorities and private organizations. In the event that the cloud provider is a government agency, it can be assumed that all the requirements for security will be met. However, if the cloud provider is a private person, then we cannot be sure of security, if these requirements for security are not mandatory. It should be noted that Russian legislation does not require the mandatory application of information security standards. In this regard, the security of stored information in the clouds and its legislative support, the responsibility of providers providing cloud access services are very significant for the use of this technology in Russia.
The manual is intended for students of Department of computer engineering MIEM HSE. In the textbook based on the courses "Economics of firm" and "the development strategy of the organization." Discusses the key conceptual and methodological issues of the theory and practice of Economics and development planning of the organization. The use of textbooks will enable students: to analyze key performance indicators, and use the tools of strategic analysis with reference to concrete situations in contemporary Russian and international business. Special attention is paid to the methods and systems of information support of the life support functions of business organizations and management methodology of innovation and investment. An Appendix contains source data for analysis of competition in a particular industry.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
Over the last two decades national policy makers drew special attention to the implementation of policy tools which foster international cooperation in the fields of science, technology, and innovation. In this paper, we look at cases of Russian-German collaboration to examine the initiatives of the Russian government aimed at stimulating the innovation activity of domestic corporations and small and medium enterprises. The data derived from the interviews with companies’ leaders show positive effects of bilateral innovative projects on the overall business performance alongside with major barriers hindering international cooperation. To overcome these barriers we provide specific suggestions relevant to the recently developed Russian Innovation Strategy 2020.