In the history of the organization and administration of justice occur objectively and subjectively deterministic changes in the ratio of personal and public interests, provided judicial protection. The nature of the interest is a factor essential, organizational and procedural foundations of judicial activity. Justice condition as determined by the socio-cultural, political and ideological conditions of its existence as a form of manifestation of the right to life of people. The article is devoted to examples of solutions to this problem in the period of enlightened monarchy in Russia.
The article deals with the issues of responsibility in civil procedural law from the point of theory and methodology of the contemporary jurisprudence. The article gives a new interpretation of the system of legal responsibility and the role of the civil procedural responsibility in this system. The mechanism of procedural responsibility is interpreted through the concept of contempt to court.
The publication is the third in a series of works devoted to the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission) and is a compilation of analytical materials (Opinions and Reports) of the Venice Commission on justice issues. The first section deals with the rule of law and the role of justice and contains, inter alia, the Report on the rule of law. A separate section is devoted to the constitutional framework of judiciary in some countries: special attention is paid to the Venice Commission’s opinions on judicial reforms in Armenia, Kazakhstan, the problems of organizing the judiciary in Poland. Section three, «Independence of judges and their appointment», contains a number of Venice Commission’s analytical materials on the independence of judiciary and judges. Section four reveals the problem of judicial ethics and disciplinary responsibility of judges. The final section contains material on the improvement of the judicial procedure. The most part of the presented materials are translated into Russian for the first time. The publication also includes scientific articles on justice issues written by members of the Venice Commission.
This remark for the ”Black Mirror” philosophy discussion considers the transformations of the punishment system based on the technological development perspectives presented in the “Black Mirror” series. The state, by introducing certain laws, seeks to limit the actions of persons, creating for them a certain frame of behavior; moreover, it seeks not only to define the limits of what is permitted, but also to ensure that the person does not violate them. Modern digital technologies can provide an opportunity not only to monitor compliance with all existing rules, but also to make decisions about punishment and even to implement them. At the same time, unlike in the past, persons might be safe not only from any physical punishment, but also from any exclusion from the usual physical space. They may go on living in their homes, walking along the streets – however, at the same time they are experiencing an exclusion from society: being physically close to other people, they can no longer contact them. The question is posed of what consequences for the individual and society such a transformation of punishments might have.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/