In this article author investigates a phenomenon of the reception of Roman law in the frames of the formation of pan-European legal system of ius commune arisen in Western Europe during the XII - XIV centuries. As principal elements of the cited system in the article are discussed Roman law (Corpus iuris civilis of Justinian), canon law (Decret of Gratian and the main collections of papal decretals), feudal law (Libri feudorum) and the ordinary gloss which has accompanied all of the indicated texts. Also author insists on update of existing in Russian science historical conception of reception of Roman law as an independent phenomenon.
The article is concerned with several turning points in the history of the concept of the legal principle in European law as represented in the treatises of some leading lawyers of ancient Rome, the Middle Ages and the modern age. The main point is that the idea of legal principle did not exist in Roman Law, but it was partly developed in medieval civil law and found its full expression in the treatises of those academicians who advocated the natural law.
The article deals with three constitutional projects of Francisco de Miranda, distinguished Venezuelan. It is devoted to analyzes of the characteristics of the project of 1798, based on the experience of British constitutional law and public law of Ancient Rome. Special attention is focused on provisions of the projects of 1801 and 1808: on temporary public power during the war of colonies for independence from Spain and on federal government after the liberation. F.Miranda used for these projects a constitutional experience of many countries. One of the sources of his intellectual reflection was the constitution of Ancient Rome, the most important elements of which were people`s assembleis and magistracy. These institutes were adopted by F.Miranda and creatively impleamented according to specific conditions of Ibero-America.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/