Информатика и ИКТ: учебник для 8 класса
The issue contains the papers presented at the 6th Spring/Summer Young Researchers’ Colloquium on Software Engineering (SYRCoSE 2012) held in Perm, Russia on 30th and 31st of May, 2012. Paper selection was based on a competitive peer review process being done by the program committee. Both regular and research-in-progress papers were considered acceptable for the colloquium.
The topics of the colloquium include software development technologies, programming languages, testing and verification of computer systems, analysis of programs, information systems, image and video processing and others.
In 2012 the multi-beam feed array became operational on the BSA FIAN radio telescope. As of July 2014 it is capable of 24-hour observation using 96 beams in declination of -8 to +42 degrees in the 109-111.5 MHz frequency band. The number of frequency bands range from 6 to 32, while the time constants range from 0.1 to 0.0125 sec. While receiving in 32 band mode (plus one common band) with a time constant of 12.5 ms (80 times per second), 33x96x80 four-byte data samples are produced per second, which equates to a daily data production of 87.5 gigabytes (up to 32 terabytes yearly). This data is an enormous opportunity for both short and long-term monitoring of various classes of radio sources (including radio transients), space weather and the Earth's ionosphere monitoring, search for different classes of radio sources, etc. The base goals of our work are: a) To obtain new scientific data on different classes of discrete radio sources, the construction thereof physical models and evolutions - obtained on the basis of continuous, round-the-clock monitoring of the radio sky in the 109-111.5 MHz frequency band and cross-analysis of data from third-party surveys of other frequencies. b) To launch data streaming on various types of high-performance computing systems, including creating a public system of distributed computing for thousands of users on the basis of BOINC technology. The BOINC client for astronomical data from the monitoring surveys of large parts of the entire sky almost has no analogies.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.