Многосторонние механизмы управления процессами содействия международному развитию
The collective monograph prepared on the basis of the International Scientific-Practical Conference "Social and economic problems of modernization of contemporary society", organized by the Eurasian international scientific and analytical magazine "Problems of the modern economy", the Center for Problem Analysis and the Governance at the Department of Social Sciences, the Academy of Arts of Sciences, St.Petersburg branch of the National Research University "Higher Scool of Economics" in May 2011 in St.Petersburg.
The seven sections of the monograph presents the results of theoretical and applied research scientists on the main areas of socio-economic modernization of the society at the national, regional, sectoral level and at the level of the firm.The guestions of priority setting, study and formation of goals, objectives and implementation mechanisms of modernization processes of socio-economic system. The ways and means of improving the management of national and regional resources as the basic components of modernization.
Scientific publication is intended for a wide range of researchers and experts in the field of socio-economic processes and governance, as well as employees of vocational education.
The article analyses the EU activity in assisting developing countries to develop energy sector throughperspective of the functional approach. The author identifies the EU approach by assessing EU compliance with the G8 commitments on assisting developing countries to develop energy sector. The assessment is made on the basis of the analysis of EU implementation of its commitments made in four major spheres of international engagement for energy development, such as ensuring developing countries’ access to modern energy sources, clean energy development, raw natural energy resources, sustainable management and environmental protection. In order to ensure comprehensive and unbiased assessment the author applies the methodology of global governance delivery function approach and compares EU compliance with compliance of other traditional donors such as USA and emerging donors such as Russia. In conclusion some recommendations on how to raise effectiveness in assisting developing countries to develop energy sector are made for the Russian Federation.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.